Gilmer, Texas facts for kids

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Gilmer, Texas
City
Location of Gilmer, Texas
Location of Gilmer, Texas
Upshur County Gilmer.svg
Country United States
State Texas
County Upshur
Area
 • Total 4.6 sq mi (12.0 km2)
 • Land 4.6 sq mi (12.0 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 367 ft (112 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 4,905
 • Density 1,066/sq mi (408.8/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 75644-75645
Area code(s) 903
FIPS code 48-29564
GNIS feature ID 1336535
Website City of Gilmer official website.

Gilmer is a city in and the county seat of Upshur County, Texas, United States. It is best known for being the home of the East Texas Yamboree, as well as the birthplace of popular music singers Don Henley of the Eagles band, and Johnny Mathis, as well as blues musician Freddie King. The population was 4,905 at the 2010 census. The city's namesake is a former United States Secretary of the Navy, Thomas Walker Gilmer.

Geography

GILMERTX
Main Highway in Gilmer, Texas (US-271)
GILMERTX2
Downtown Gilmer, Texas

Gilmer is located at 32°43'57" North, 94°56'49" West (32.732387, -94.946980).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.6 square miles (12.0 km²), all of it land.

Four miles west of Gilmer is Lake Gilmer, which opened September 29, 2001.

Gilmer is part of a larger area known as the "Piney Woods". The city and the surrounding area boasts a number of impressive specimens. The historic Trail of Tears came through this region, to this day arrow heads and other Native American artifacts can be found with little to no digging.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 386
1890 591 53.1%
1910 1,484
1920 2,268 52.8%
1930 1,963 −13.4%
1940 3,138 59.9%
1950 4,096 30.5%
1960 4,312 5.3%
1970 4,196 −2.7%
1980 5,167 23.1%
1990 4,822 −6.7%
2000 4,799 −0.5%
2010 4,905 2.2%
Est. 2015 5,187 5.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 4,799 people, 1,926 households, and 1,300 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,038.5 people per square mile (401.1/km²). There were 2,214 housing units at an average density of 479.1 per square mile (185.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.91% White, 20.23% African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.90% from other races, and 1.50% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.42% of the population.

There were 1,926 households out of which 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.2% were married couples living together, 17.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.5% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the city, the population was spread out with 25.3% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 23.5% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 21.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 83.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,487, and the median income for a family was $39,688. Males had a median income of $32,437 versus $17,910 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,823. About 15.9% of families and 19.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.5% of those under the age of 18 and 21.0% of those 65 and older.

In Popular Culture

Gilmer is mentioned in the Michelle Shocked song "Memories of East Texas" on her album Short Sharp Shocked.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Gilmer has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.


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