Henderson County, Texas facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
The Henderson County Courthouse in Athens
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
|Named for||James Pinckney Henderson|
|• Total||948 sq mi (2,460 km2)|
|• Land||874 sq mi (2,260 km2)|
|• Water||75 sq mi (190 km2) 7.9%|
|• Density||86.66/sq mi (33.458/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Henderson County is a county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, its population was 82,150. The county seat is Athens. The county is named in honor of James Pinckney Henderson, the first attorney general of the Republic of Texas, and secretary of state for the republic. He later served as the first governor of Texas.
Henderson County was established in 1846, the year after Texas gained statehood. Its first town was Buffalo, laid out in 1847. The county boundaries were set in 1850, with some reduction from the previous size. The restructuring resulted in the need for a new county seat. In an election, Athens was chosen as the site for the "courthouse under the oaks."
Henderson County comprises the Athens micropolitan statistical area, which is also included in the Dallas-Fort Worth combined statistical area.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 948 square miles (2,460 km2), of which 874 square miles (2,260 km2) is land and 75 square miles (190 km2) (7.9%) is water.
- U.S. Highway 175
- State Highway 19
- State Highway 31
- State Highway 155
- State Highway 198
- State Highway 274
- State Highway 334
- Kaufman County (north)
- Van Zandt County (north)
- Smith County (east)
- Cherokee County (southeast)
- Anderson County (south)
- Freestone County (southwest)
- Navarro County (west)
- Ellis County (northwest)
|U.S. Decennial Census
|Race / Ethnicity||Pop 2010||Pop 2020||% 2010||% 2020|
|White alone (NH)||63,494||61,854||80.85%||75.29%|
|Black or African American alone (NH)||4,813||4,705||6.13%||5.73%|
|Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH)||349||414||0.44%||0.50%|
|Asian alone (NH)||318||510||0.40%||0.62%|
|Pacific Islander alone (NH)||27||31||0.03%||0.04%|
|Some Other Race alone (NH)||76||211||0.10%||0.26%|
|Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH)||965||3,183||1.23%||3.87%|
|Hispanic or Latino (any race)||8,490||11,242||10.81%||13.68%|
Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.
- Athens (county seat)
- Gun Barrel City
- Log Cabin
- Moore Station
- Seven Points (small part in Kaufman County)
- Star Harbor