Henderson County, Texas facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Henderson County, Texas
Map
Map of Texas highlighting Henderson County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the USA highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1846
Seat Athens
Largest City Athens
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

948 sq mi (2,455 km²)
874 sq mi (2,264 km²)
75 sq mi (194 km²), 7.9%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

78,532
233/sq mi (90/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: www.co.henderson.tx.us
Named for: James Pinckney Henderson
"Courthouse under the Oaks" historical marker, Athens, TX IMG 0577
"Courts Under the Oaks" in Athens
Henderson County, TX, Peace Officers Assn. monument IMG 0585
Henderson County Peace Officers Association monument
Athens, TX, Fiddlers' Assn. monument IMG 0578
The Fiddlers Association monument in Athens

Henderson County is a county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 78,532. The county seat is Athens. The county is named in honor of James Pinckney Henderson, the first Attorney General of the Republic of Texas, and Secretary of State for the republic. He later served as the first Governor of Texas.

Henderson County was established in 1846, the year after Texas statehood. Its first town was Buffalo, laid out in 1847. The county boundaries were set in 1850, with some reduction from the previous size. The restructuring resulted in the need for a new county seat. In an election, Athens was chosen as the site for the "courthouse under the oaks."

Henderson County comprises the Athens, TX Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Dallas-Fort Worth, TX-OK Combined Statistical Area.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 948 square miles (2,460 km2), of which 874 square miles (2,260 km2) is land and 75 square miles (190 km2) (7.9%) is water.

Major highways

  • US 175.svg U.S. Highway 175
  • Texas 19.svg State Highway 19
  • Texas 31.svg State Highway 31
  • Texas 155.svg State Highway 155
  • Texas 198.svg State Highway 198
  • Texas 274.svg State Highway 274
  • Texas 334.svg State Highway 334

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,237
1860 4,595 271.5%
1870 6,786 47.7%
1880 9,735 43.5%
1890 12,285 26.2%
1900 19,970 62.6%
1910 20,131 0.8%
1920 28,327 40.7%
1930 30,583 8.0%
1940 31,822 4.1%
1950 23,405 −26.5%
1960 21,786 −6.9%
1970 26,466 21.5%
1980 42,606 61.0%
1990 58,543 37.4%
2000 73,277 25.2%
2010 78,532 7.2%
Est. 2015 79,545 1.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010–2014

As of the census of 2000, there were 73,277 people, 28,804 households, and 20,969 families residing in the county. The population density was 84 people per square mile (32/km²). There were 35,935 housing units at an average density of 41 per square mile (16/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 88.50% White, 6.61% Black or African American, 0.54% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.72% from other races, and 1.30% from two or more races. 6.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 28,804 households out of which 29.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.70% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.20% were non-families. 23.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.40% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 25.00% from 25 to 44, 24.80% from 45 to 64, and 18.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 96.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,533, and the median income for a family was $38,255. Males had a median income of $31,847 versus $21,650 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,772. About 11.70% of families and 15.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.60% of those under age 18 and 11.80% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Towns

Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns


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