Navarro County, Texas facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Navarro County, Texas
Map
Map of Texas highlighting Navarro County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the USA highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded April 25, 1846
Seat Corsicana
Largest City Corsicana
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,086 sq mi (2,813 km²)
1,010 sq mi (2,616 km²)
76 sq mi (197 km²), 7.0%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

47,735
47/sq mi (18/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: www.co.navarro.tx.us
Named for: José Antonio Navarro
Veterans Memorial, Navarro County, TX Courthouse IMG 0605
Veterans Memorial at Navarro County Courthouse in Corsicana

Navarro County (/nəˈvr/ nə-VAY-roh) is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 47,735. Its county seat is Corsicana. The county is named for José Antonio Navarro, a Tejano leader in the Texas Revolution who signed the Texas Declaration of Independence.

Navarro County comprises the Coriscana, TX Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Dallas-Fort Worth, TX Combined Statistical Area.

History

Navarro County was formed from Robertson County in 1846.

In 1860, after the election of Abraham Lincoln to the American presidency, Navarro County lowered the American flag at the courthouse in protest and instead hoisted the Texas flag. Thereafter early in 1861, some 450 Navarro County men enlisted in the new Confederate States Army. Two of the enlistees became outstanding officers, Roger O. Mills and Clinton M. Winkler, a Confederate colonel for whom Winkler County in southwest Texas is named. The county commissioners appropriated funds for weapons and ammunition and for the support of the soldiers' families.

The Navarro Rifles constituted an 87-man Confederate infantry unit, formed in Corsicana in July 1861 from area volunteers. They were founded by José Antonio Navarro, all of whose four sons fought for the Confederacy. Clinton Winkler, a founder of Navarro County, served as the initial captain. The group trained near Dresden, Spring Hill, and later Waco and Harrisburg, Texas. The Navarro Rifles became Company I of the Fourth Texas Volunteer Infantry Regiment. In September 1861, the unit reached Richmond, Virginia. The regiment was placed in the Texas Brigade under the command of General John Bell Hood.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,086 square miles (2,810 km2), of which 1,010 square miles (2,600 km2) is land and 76 square miles (200 km2) (7.0%) is water.

Major highways

  • I-45.svg Interstate 45
  • US 287.svg U.S. Highway 287
  • Texas 14.svg State Highway 14
  • Texas 22.svg State Highway 22
  • Texas 31.svg State Highway 31
  • Texas 75.svg State Highway 75
  • Texas 309.svg State Highway 309

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 2,190
1860 5,996 173.8%
1870 8,879 48.1%
1880 21,702 144.4%
1890 26,373 21.5%
1900 43,374 64.5%
1910 47,070 8.5%
1920 50,624 7.6%
1930 60,507 19.5%
1940 51,308 −15.2%
1950 39,916 −22.2%
1960 34,423 −13.8%
1970 31,150 −9.5%
1980 35,323 13.4%
1990 39,926 13.0%
2000 45,124 13.0%
2010 47,735 5.8%
Est. 2015 48,323 1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010–2014

As of the census of 2000, there were 45,124 people, 16,491 households, and 11,906 families residing in the county. The population density was 45 people per square mile (17/km²). There were 18,449 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 70.84% White, 16.79% Black or African American, 0.46% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.33% Pacific Islander, 9.45% from other races, and 1.65% from two or more races. 15.76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 16,491 households out of which 34.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.70% were married couples living together, 12.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.80% were non-families. 24.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.20% under the age of 18, 9.90% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 97.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,268, and the median income for a family was $38,130. Males had a median income of $30,112 versus $20,972 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,266. About 13.90% of families and 18.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.10% of those under age 18 and 14.90% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

USACE Navarro Mills Lake and Dam
Navarro Mills Lake and Dam

Cities

Towns

Unincorporated communities

Ghost Town


Navarro County, Texas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.