V-1 flying bomb facts for kids
|V-1 flying bomb
Fieseler Fi 103
Flakzielgerät 76 (FZG-76)
|Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1975-117-26, Marschflugkörper V1 vor Start.jpg
|Place of origin||Nazi Germany|
|Wars||World War II|
|Unit cost||5,090 RM|
|Weight||2,150 kg (4,740 lb)|
|Length||8.32 m (27.3 ft)|
|Width||5.37 m (17.6 ft)|
|Height||1.42 m (4 ft 8 in)|
|Warhead weight||850 kg (1,870 lb)|
|Engine||Argus As 109-014 Pulse jet engine
|250 km (160 mi)|
|Speed||640 km/h (400 mph) flying between 600 to 900 m (2,000 to 3,000 ft)|
|Gyrocompass based autopilot|
The V-1 flying bomb (also called the Buzz Bomb or Doodlebug) was a World War II weapon. It was a flying bomb, an early cruise missile. Its jet engine made it travel at 350 mph (600 kmph). The Luftwaffe people who controlled it pointed it at London, UK and Antwerp in Belgium. V-1s destroyed nearly as many houses as the Blitz did but killed fewer: 22,892 people died after being attacked by them. The Allies tried to stop these attacks by bombing their launching places, by shooting at them in the air, and by flying fast planes close to them and nudging them off course using their wings.
They had a fairly crude guidance system. Overall, only about 25 per cent of V-1s hit their targets. Most were lost lost by defensive measures, mechanical unreliability or guidance errors.
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V-1 flying bomb Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.