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Wellington, Ohio
Town hall of the Village of Wellington
Town hall of the Village of Wellington
Location in Ohio
Location in Ohio
Location of Wellington in Lorain County
Location of Wellington in Lorain County
Country United States
State Ohio
County Lorain
Township Wellington
incorporated 1855
Government
 • Type Mayor-Administrator
Area
 • Total 3.94 sq mi (10.19 km2)
 • Land 3.64 sq mi (9.44 km2)
 • Water 0.29 sq mi (0.75 km2)  7.46%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 4,802
 • Estimate 
(2019)
4,912
 • Density 1,347.97/sq mi (520.42/km2)
Time zone UTC-4 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
Zip code
44090
Area code(s) 440
FIPS code 39-82642
Website http://www.villageofwellington.com

Wellington is a village in Lorain County, Ohio. The population was 4,802 at the time of the 2010 census. Population estimate for 2019 is 4,912.

History

Some say the village was named after William Welling, a local resident, while others believe the name is derived from the title of the Duke of Wellington.

Wellington was incorporated as a village in 1855.

In 1858, the former American House Hotel (later torn down and replaced by Herrick Memorial Library) was the site of the Oberlin-Wellington Rescue. A group of men, both white and black and many from Oberlin, swarmed the hotel to rescue runaway slave John Price. He was being held by a US Marshal and his men, who intended to return him to his master in Kentucky.

The abolitionists transported Price out of town en route to the Underground Railroad and helped convey him to Canada. Thirty-seven men were indicted, but only two, Simeon M. Bushnell and Charles Henry Langston, were tried in federal court for interfering with the marshal in carrying out the Fugitive Slave Law. After Langston's eloquent speech about slavery and discrimination, the judge gave them light sentences. The events and trial received national attention, and kept the issue of slavery at the forefront of debate.

Archibald M. Willard, painter of the patriotic Spirit of '76 painting, lived in Wellington during the 19th century. He is buried in Greenwood Cemetery on the outskirts of the village. The Spirit of '76 Museum, also located in Wellington, is dedicated to Willard and the history of Wellington. The original drum and fife used as models in the painting are also on display.

On New Year's Day, 1951, two eleven-year-old boys, Gerald Kordelsky and William Flood, accidentally drowned in an abandoned well at Chismar Farm in Wellington.

In 2010, Wellington was named the "Best Old House Neighborhood" for the state of Ohio by This Old House Magazine in their annual feature article.

Geography

Wellington is located at the intersection of State Routes 18 and 58.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 3.89 square miles (10.08 km2), of which 3.60 square miles (9.32 km2) is land and 0.29 square miles (0.75 km2) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,029
1870 1,281 24.5%
1880 1,811 41.4%
1890 2,069 14.2%
1900 2,094 1.2%
1910 2,131 1.8%
1920 2,245 5.3%
1930 2,235 −0.4%
1940 2,529 13.2%
1950 2,992 18.3%
1960 3,599 20.3%
1970 4,137 14.9%
1980 4,146 0.2%
1990 4,140 −0.1%
2000 4,511 9.0%
2010 4,802 6.5%
2019 (est.) 4,912 2.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 4,802 people, 1,956 households, and 1,266 families living in the village. The population density was 1,333.9 inhabitants per square mile (515.0/km2). There were 2,148 housing units at an average density of 596.7 per square mile (230.4/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 95.8% White, 1.2% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 2.0% of the population.

There were 1,956 households, of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.8% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.3% were non-families. 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.98.

The median age in the village was 39.5 years. 24.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.5% were from 25 to 44; 25.1% were from 45 to 64; and 17% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 47.9% male and 52.1% female.

Festivals and events

Every June the Ohio Scottish Games come to the Lorain County Fair Grounds to celebrate Scotland's rich history and culture.

In the late 19th century, Wellington was known as the "Cheese Capital of the World". The Wellington Cheese Festival is celebrated on the third weekend of every July. The festival has live music, food, children's rides and games, crafts and car shows.

Two weeks before Labor Day, in late August, the Lorain County Fair, one of the biggest county fairs in the state of Ohio, takes place west of town on State Route 18 at the fairgrounds.

Each September since 1983, the Friends of the Herrick Memorial Library have sponsored the Harvest of the Arts, a large juried arts festival held on the town square. The event attracts more than 100 artisans and craftspeople and includes live musical performances, children's activities, and the raffle of a handmade quilt. All proceeds from the event support public programming at the library.

In popular culture

  • The Walking Dead: Season Two, by Telltale Games features a digitized version of the village. It appears at the end of episode five, "No Going Back", when Clementine, Kenny and Alvin Jr. travel from the Southern United States to the town, an established safe zone where a large number of people have taken refuge during a zombie apocalypse.

Sister city

Wellington has one sister city, as designated by the Sister Cities International:


Education

McCormick Middle School - Wellington
McCormick Middle School, 2008

Wellington is served by the Wellington Exempted Village School District (WEVSD), including the McCormick Middle School and Wellington High School.

Notable people

  • Edna Allyn, librarian
  • Leonard Warden Bonney, aviator
  • William Byron Colver, chairman of the Federal Trade Commission
  • JT Daly, musician, producer, and songwriter
  • Dana McKenzie, NFL official
  • Ken Onion, knife-maker
  • Lois Sheffield, baseball player for the South Bend Blue Sox
  • Jack Wadsworth, MLB pitcher
  • S. S. Warner, former Ohio state treasurer
  • Carl S. Williams, former NFL player and ophthalmologist
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