kids encyclopedia robot

Whangaehu River facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Whangaehu River
TangiwaiRoadBridge1b.jpg
The State Highway bridge at Tangiwai
Native name Whangaehu
Country New Zealand
Region Manawatū-Whanganui
Physical characteristics
Main source Crater lake
Mount Ruapehu
2,550 metres (8,370 ft)
River mouth Tasman Sea
Sea level
Length 161 kilometres (100 mi)
Basin features
Tributaries

The Whangaehu River is a large river in central North Island of New Zealand. Its headwaters are the crater lake of Mount Ruapehu on the central plateau, and it flows into the Tasman Sea eight kilometres southeast of Whanganui. Water is diverted from the headwaters for the Tongariro Power Scheme.

Length

The river flows for 161 kilometres (100 mi) southward to the South Taranaki Bight near the settlement of Whangaehu.

Notoriety

The sudden collapse of part of the Ruapehu crater wall on 24 December 1953 led to New Zealand's worst railway accident, the Tangiwai disaster. A lahar – a sudden surge of mud-laden water – swept down the river, significantly weakening the structure of a railway bridge at the small settlement of Tangiwai. The overnight express train between Wellington and Auckland passed over the bridge minutes later, causing it to collapse into the turbulent waters. Of the 285 people on the train, 151 were killed.

Timeline

  • 13 December 1859: The bridge was washed away.
  • In February 1862 James Coutts Crawford was given a number of old songs and "various accounts of the taniwha, one of whom we were told overthrew the Wangaehu bridge."
  • 1889: flood caused by the eruptions of Ruapehu.
  • 1895: flood caused by the eruptions of Ruapehu.
  • 24 December 1953: Tangiwai disaster
  • 18 March 2007: Mt Ruapehu crater lake bursts sending an estimated 1.29 billion cubic metres of water, mud, and sludge. The Ruapehu ERLAWS alarm successfully activated preventing any accidents. This Lahar was 50% bigger than the 1953 Lahar that caused the Tangiwai disaster.

Geology

Often poisoned with toxic chemicals from the volcanic activity in and around Mount Ruapehu. The upper part of the river begins as the melt water from a small glacier. When hot water from the lake spills, it quickly melts the ice and snow in the glacier forming a cave like tunnel when viewed from below.

kids search engine
Whangaehu River Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.