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William Steig
William Steig.jpg
Steig in New York City on April 12, 1944. Photograph taken by Arnold Newman.
Born (1907-11-14)November 14, 1907
Brooklyn, New York, U.S.
Died October 3, 2003(2003-10-03) (aged 95)
Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
Nationality American
Occupation Illustrator, writer
Years active 1930-2003
Notable work
  • Elizabeth Mead Steig
    (m. 1936; div. 1949)
  • Kari Homestead
    (m. 1950; div. 1963)
  • Stephanie Healey (m. 1964–1966)
  • Jeanne Doron (m. 1968)
  • Jeremy Steig
  • Lucinda 'Lucy' Steig Franchechini
  • Margit Laura Steig
Parent(s) Joseph Steig, Laura Ebel Steig
Awards Caldecott Medal
National Book Award
CINE Golden Eagle

William Steig /ˈstɡ/ (November 14, 1907 – October 3, 2003) was an American cartoonist, sculptor, and, in his later life, an illustrator and writer of children's books. Best known for the picture books Sylvester and the Magic Pebble, Abel's Island, and Doctor De Soto, he was also the creator of Shrek!, which inspired the film series of the same name. He was the U.S. nominee for both of the biennial, international Hans Christian Andersen Awards, as a children's book illustrator in 1982 and a writer in 1988.

Early life

Steig was born in Brooklyn, New York in 1907, and grew up in the Bronx. His parents were Polish-Jewish immigrants from Austria, both socialists. His father, Joseph Steig, was a house painter, and his mother, Laura Ebel Steig, was a seamstress who encouraged his artistic leanings. As a child, he dabbled in painting and was an avid reader of literature. Among other works, he was said to have been especially fascinated by Pinocchio. In addition to his artistic endeavors, he also did well at athletics, being a member of the collegiate All-American water polo team. He graduated from Townsend Harris High School at 15 but never completed college, though he attended three, spending two years at City College of New York, three years at the National Academy of Design and a mere five days at the Yale School of Art before dropping out of each.


Hailed as the "King of Cartoons", Steig began drawing illustrations and cartoons for The New Yorker in 1930, producing more than 2,600 drawings and 117 covers for the magazine. One of his cartoon characters, Poor Pitiful Pearl, was made into a popular line of dolls starting in 1956.

Later, when he was 61, Steig began writing children's books. In 1968, he wrote his first children's book. He excelled here as well, and his third book, Sylvester and the Magic Pebble (1969), won the Caldecott Medal. He went on to write more than 30 children's books, including the Doctor De Soto series, and he continued to write into his nineties. Among his other well-known works, the picture book Shrek! (1990) formed the basis for the DreamWorks Animation film Shrek (2001). After the release of Shrek 2 in 2004, Steig became the first sole-creator of an animated movie franchise that went on to generate over $1 billion from theatrical and ancillary markets after only one sequel.

In 1984, Steig's film adaptation of Doctor De Soto, directed by Michael Sporn, was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film.

Also in 1984, Steig received the CINE Golden Eagle Award in Education. for the film adaptation of this book.

Personal life and death

Steig married four times and had three children. From 1936 to 1949, Steig was married to educator and artist Elizabeth Mead Steig (1909–1983, sister of anthropologist Margaret Mead), from whom he was later divorced. For a time, Steig lived at 75½ Bedford Street, purported to be the narrowest house in Manhattan. Steig's first marriage also made him a brother-in-law of Leo Rosten and an uncle of Mary Catherine Bateson. Steig and Mead were the parents of jazz flutist Jeremy Steig (playing the Pied Piper in Shrek Forever After) and a daughter, Lucinda. He married second wife Kari Homestead in 1950, and they had a daughter, Margit Laura (now professionally known as Maggie Steig). After their divorce, he was married to Stephanie Healey from 1964 to 1966. His final marriage, to Jeanne Doron, endured for the rest of his life.

His brother Irwin was a journalist and painter, for whom Wiliam illustrated two books on poker strategy. His brother Henry was a writer who played the saxophone and painted. And his brother Arthur was a writer and poet, who, according to Steig, read The Nation in the cradle, was telepathic and "drew as well as Picasso or Matisse".

Steig died of old age in Boston, Massachusetts on October 3, 2003, aged 95. Shrek 2, which was released seven months after his death, was dedicated to his memory.


  • 1932, Man About Town (New York: R. Long & R.R. Smith)
  • 1939, About People: A book of symbolical drawings by William Steig (Random House)
  • 1941, How to Become Extinct (Farrar & Rinehart), written by Will Cuppy, illustrated by Steig
  • 1942, The Lonely Ones (Duell, Sloan and Pearce)
  • 1944, All Embarrassed (Duell S&P)
  • 1944, Small Fry (Duell S&P)
  • 1945, Persistent Faces (Duell S&P)
  • 1946, Mr. Blandings Builds His Dream House (Simon & Schuster) by Eric Hodgins
  • 1947, Till Death Do Us Part: Some ballet notes on marriage (Duell S&P)
  • 1948, Listen, Little Man! (Orgone Institute Press) by Wilhelm Reich – translated from the German-language essay "Rede an den kleinen Mann", 1945
  • 1950, The Decline and Fall of Practically Everybody by Will Cuppy
  • 1950, The Agony in the Kindergarten (Duell S&P)
  • 1950, Giggle Box: Funny Stories for Boys and Girls (Alfred A. Knopf), compiled by Phyllis R. Fenner, newly illustrated by Steig
  • 1951, The Rejected Lovers (Knopf)
  • 1953, Dreams of Glory and other drawings (Knopf)
  • 1959, Poker for Fun and Profit (McDowell, Obolensky, 1959), written by Irwin Steig, illustrated by William Steig
  • 1963, Common Sense in Poker (Cornerstone, 1963), written by Irwin Steig, illustrated by William Steig
  • 1963, Continuous Performance (Duell S&P)

From this time, Steig primarily created children's picture books.

  • 1971, Amos and Boris
  • 1972, Dominic — NBA finalist
  • 1973, The Real Thief
  • 1974, Farmer Palmer's Wagon Ride
  • 1976, Abel's Island — adapted as a 1988 film
  • 1976, The Amazing Bone
  • 1977, Caleb + Kate — NBA finalist
  • 1978, Tiffky Doofky
  • 1979, Drawings
  • 1980, Gorky Rises
  • 1982, Doctor De SotoNational Book Award, Picture Books
  • 1984, CDC? (Farrar, Straus & Giroux)
  • 1984, Ruminations
  • 1984, Yellow & Pink
  • 1984, Rotten Island (formerly The Bad Island, 1969)
  • 1985, Solomon, The Rusty Nail
  • 1986, Brave Irene
  • 1987, The Zabajaba Jungle
  • 1988, Spinky Sulks
  • 1990, Shrek! — the basis for the movie series
  • 1992, Alpha Beta Chowder, written by Jeanne Steig, illustrated by William Steig
  • 1992, Doctor De Soto Goes to Africa
  • 1994, Zeke Pippin
  • 1996, The Toy Brother
  • 1998, A Handful of Beans: Six Fairy Tales, retold by Jeanne Steig, illustrated by William Steig
  • 1998, Pete's a Pizza
  • 2000, Made for Each Other
  • 2000, Wizzil
  • 2001, A Gift from Zeus
  • 2002, Potch & Polly
  • 2003, When Everybody Wore a Hat
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