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Hans Christian Andersen Award facts for kids

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Hans Christian Andersen Award
A golden medallion with an embossed image featuring a bust of Andersen.
Presented by International Board on Books for Young People
First awarded 1956; 65 years ago (1956)

The Hans Christian Andersen Awards are two literary awards given the International Board on Books for Young People (IBBY), recognising one living author and one living illustrator for their "lasting contribution to children's literature". The writing award was first given in 1956, the illustration award in 1966. The former is sometimes called the "Nobel Prize for children's literature".

The awards are named after Hans Christian Andersen, the 19th-century Danish author of fairy tales, and each winner receives the Hans Christian Andersen Medaille, a gold medal with the bust of Andersen, and a diploma. Medals are presented at the biennial IBBY Congress.

Jury

The winner of the Hans Christian Anderson Awards is selected by a jury which is put together by IBBY's executive committee. The Jury's president is elected by IBBY's General Assembly. There were initially seven jurors, but this was increased to eight and in 2000 to ten. Two years later, the jury was split with five members focusing on writing and the other five handling illustrations. The jurors are expected to be competent in children's literature and ideally represent a diverse group. It generally takes six months to review candidates and select a winner.

Jella Lepman served as Jury President for the first three Andersen Awards, 1956 to 1960, and remained on the jury until her death in 1970, as the President of IBBY and then as its honorary president. Current four-year terms cover two award cycles. Other notable presidents have included Virginia Haviland (1970-1974), Patricia Crampton (1982-1986), and Ana Maria Machado (1986-1990).

Selection process

The award's regulations read: "The Hans Christian Award is presented every two years by IBBY to an author and to an illustrator, living at the time of the nomination, who by the outstanding value of their work are judged to have made a lasting contribution to literature for children and young people. The complete works of the author and the illustrator will be taken into consideration in the selection process". The award is explicitly designed to be an "international" work, and it is not explicitly given to a certain country.

IBBY has many member nations—all countries are eligible for membership. Every member nation has its own organization, known as a "national section", that is active across the country. All member nations can nominate candidates for consideration in the Hans Christian Anderson Awards. Some member states will repeatedly nominate the same author or illustrator, others nominate a new candidate each time. To nominate a candidate, a dossier is prepared that provides information including a list of works and biographical sketch. The portfolio must have between five and ten books by the candidate, which are sent to jurors, IBBY's president, and the "Jury Secretary". There were sixty-six nominees from thirty-three countries for the 2022 Hans Christian Anderson awards.

The awards are named after Hans Christian Andersen, the 19th-century Danish author of fairy tales, and each winner receives the Hans Christian Andersen Medaille, a gold medal with the bust of Andersen, and a diploma. Medals are presented at the biennial IBBY Congress.

Writing award winners

Eleanor Farjeon (Элеанор Фарджон)
Eleanor Farjeon received the first award in 1956
Gianni Rodari anni cinquanta
Gianni Rodari, who received the 1970 award
2018-us-nationalbookfestival-jacqueline-woodson
Jacqueline Woodson (2020 recipient), in 2018
Winners of the writing award
Year Winner Country Award
1956 Eleanor Farjeon (for The Little Bookroom)  United Kingdom Winner
1958 Astrid Lindgren (for Rasmus på luffen)  Sweden Winner
1960 Erich Kästner (for Als ich ein kleiner Junge war [de])  Germany Winner
1962 Meindert DeJong  USA Winner
1964 René Guillot  France Winner
1966 Tove Jansson  Finland Winner
Karl Bruckner  Austria Highly Commended
Cianni Rodari  Italy Highly Commended
José María Sánchez-Silva  Spain Highly Commended
1968 James Krüss  Germany Winner
José Maria Sanchez-Silva  Spain Winner
Gianni Rodari  Italy Highly Commended
Elizabeth Coatsworth  USA Highly Commended
1970 Gianni Rodari  Italy Winner
Ana Maria Matute  Spain Highly Commended
E. B. White  USA Highly Commended
Ela Peroci  Yugoslavia Highly Commended
1972 Scott O'Dell  USA Winner
Colete Vivier  France Highly Commended
Otfried Preussler  Germany Highly Commended
Ana Maria Matute  Spain Highly Commended
Maria Gripe  Sweden Highly Commended
Sergei Mikhalkov  USSR Highly Commended
1974 Maria Gripe  Sweden Winner
Cecil Bødker  Denmark Highly Commended
Colete Vivier  France Highly Commended
Rosemary Sutcliff  UK Highly Commended
1976 Cecil Bødker  Denmark Winner
Agnija Barto  USSR Highly Commended
E. B. White  USA Highly Commended
1978 Paula Fox  USA Winner
Alan Garner  UK Highly Commended
1980 Bohumil Říha  Czechoslovakia Winner
Lygia Bojunga Nunes  Brazil Highly Commended
Harry Kuliman  Sweden Highly Commended
1982 Lygia Bojunga Nunes  Brazil Winner
1984 Christine Nöstlinger  Austria Winner
Patricia Wrightson  Australia Highly Commended
1986 Patricia Wrightson  Australia Winner
1988 Annie M. G. Schmidt  Netherlands Winner
Claude Roy  France Highly Commended
1990 Tormod Haugen  Norway Winner
Bjarne Reuter  Denmark Highly Commended
1992 Virginia Hamilton  USA Winner
Maria Elena Walsh  Argentina Highly Commended
Hooshang Moradi Kermani  Iran Highly Commended
1994 Michio Mado  Japan Winner
1996 Uri Orlev  Israel Winner
1998 Katherine Paterson  USA Winner
Brian Doyle  Canada Finalist
Ruskin Bond  India Finalist
Alice Vieira  Portugal Finalist
Anne Fine  UK Finalist
2000 Ana Maria Machado  Brazil Winner
Ulf Stark  Sweden Finalist
Peter Dickinson  UK Finalist
Lois Lowry  USA Finalist
2002 Aidan Chambers  United Kingdom Winner
Bart Moeyaert  Belgium Finalist
Bjarne Reuter  Denmark Finalist
2004 Martin Waddell  Ireland Winner
Barbro Lindgren  Sweden Finalist
Bjarne Reuter  Denmark Finalist
Joel Rufino dos Santos  Brazil Finalist
Schubiger  Switzerland Finalist
2006 Margaret Mahy  New Zealand Winner
Jon Ewo  Norway Finalist
Peter Härtling  Germany Finalist
Philip Pullman  UK Finalist
Toon Tellegen  Netherlands Finalist
Eugene Trivizas  Greece Finalist
2008 Jürg Schubiger  Switzerland Winner
Bartolomeu Campos de Queirós  Brazil Finalist
Brian Doyle  Canada Finalist
Guus Kuijer  Netherlands Finalist
David Almond  UK Finalist
2010 David Almond  United Kingdom Winner
Ahmad Reza Ahmadi  Iran Finalist
Bartolomeu Campos de Queirós  Brazil Finalist
Lennart Hellsing  Sweden Finalist
Louis Jensen  Denmark Finalist
2012 María Teresa Andruetto  Argentina Winner
Paul Fleischman  USA Finalist
Bart Moeyaert  Belgium Finalist
Jean-Claude Mourlevat  [[|]] Finalist
Bianca Pitzorno  [[|]] Finalist
2014 Nahoko Uehashi  Japan Winner
Ted van Lieshout  Netherlands Finalist
Houshang Moradi Kermani  Iran Finalist
Mirjam Pressler  Germany Finalist
Renate Welsh  Austria Finalist
Jacqueline Woodson  USA Finalist
2016 Cao Wenxuan  China Winner
Louis Jensen  Denmark Finalist
Ted van Lieshout  Netherlands Finalist
Mirjam Pressler  Germany Finalist
Lois Lowry  USA Finalist
2018 Eiko Kadono  Japan Winner
Marie-Aude Murail  France Finalist
Farhad Hassanzadeh  Iran Finalist
Joy Cowley  New Zealand Finalist
Ulf Stark  Sweden Finalist
2020 Jacqueline Woodson  USA Winner
María Cristina Ramos  Argentina Finalist
Bart Moeyaert  Belgium Finalist
Marie-Aude Murail  France Finalist
Farhad Hassanzadeh  Iran Finalist
Peter Svetina  Slovenia Finalist

Illustration award winners

فرشید مثقالی - Farshid Mesghali
Farshid Mesghali, the 1974 recipient
Květa Pacovská (2015)
Květa Pacovská, the 1992 recipient
Winners of the illustration award
Year Winner Country Award
1966 Alois Carigiet  Switzerland Winner
Jiří Trnka  Czechoslovakia Highly Commended
Brian Wildsmith  UK Highly Commended
1968 Jiří Trnka  Czechoslovakia Winner
Ib Spang Olsen  Denmark Highly Commended
Brian Wildsmith  UK Highly Commended
Roger Duvoisin  USA Highly Commended
1970 Maurice Sendak  USA Winner
Ib Spang Olsen  Denmark Highly Commended
Ota Daihachi  Japan Highly Commended
Lidja Osterc  Yugoslavia Highly Commended
1972 Ib Spang Olsen  Denmark Winner
Elizabeth Cleaver  Canada Highly Commended
Adolf Zábranský  Czechoslovakia Highly Commended
Janosch  FRG Highly Commended
Petros Zambellis  Germany Highly Commended
Björn Berg  Sweden Highly Commended
Felix Hoffmann  Switzerland Highly Commended
1974 Farshid Mesghali  Iran Winner
Helga Aichinger  Austria Highly Commended
Nicole Claveloux  France Highly Commended
Charles Keeping  UK Highly Commended
1976 Tatjana Mawrina  USSR Winner
Fulla L'udovit  Czechoslovakia Highly Commended
Svend Otto S. [Wikidata]  Denmark Highly Commended
1978 Svend Otto S. [Wikidata]  Denmark Winner
Leo & Diane Dillon  USA Highly Commended
1980 Suekichi Akaba [Wikidata]  Japan Winner
Tomi Ungerer  France Highly Commended
Etienne Delessert  Switzerland Highly Commended
1982 Zbigniew Rychlicki  Poland Winner
1984 Mitsumasa Anno  Japan Winner
Helme Heine  FRG Highly Commended
Raymond Briggs  UK Highly Commended
1986 Robert Ingpen  Australia Winner
Adolf Born  Czechoslovakia Highly Commended
1988 Dušan Kállay [Wikidata]  Czechoslovakia Winner
Yasuo Segawa  Japan Highly Commended
1990 Lisbeth Zwerger  Austria Winner
1992 Květa Pacovská  Czechoslovakia Winner
1994 Jörg Müller [Wikidata]  Switzerland Winner
1996 Klaus Ensikat [Wikidata]  Germany Winner
1998 Tomi Ungerer  France Winner
Binette Schroeder  Germany Finalist
Dick Bruna  Netherlands Finalist
Eidrigevicius, Stasys  Poland Finalist
2000 Anthony Browne  United Kingdom Winner
Rotraut Susanne Berner  Germany Finalist
Boris Diodorov  Russia Finalist
Maria Lucija Stupica  Slovenia Finalist
2002 Quentin Blake  United Kingdom Winner
Grégoire Solotareff  France Finalist
Rotraut Susanne Berner  Germany Finalist
Daihachi Ohta  Japan Finalist
2004 Max Velthuijs  Netherlands Winner
Rotraut Susanne Berner  Germany Finalist
Roberto Innocenti [Wikidata]  Italy Finalist
Javier Serrano  Spain Finalist
Grégoire Solotareff  France Finalist
2006 Wolf Erlbruch  Germany Winner
Lilian Brøgger  Denmark Finalist
Etienne Delessert  Switzerland Finalist
Isol Misenta  Argentina Finalist
Grégoire Solotareff  France Finalist
Klaas Verplancke  Belgium Finalist
2008 Roberto Innocenti [Wikidata]  Italy Winner
Isol Misenta  Argentina Finalist
Svjetlan Junakóvic  Croatia Finalist
Adolf Born  Czech Republic Finalist
David Wiesner  USA Finalist
2010 Jutta Bauer  Germany Winner
Carll Cneut  Belgium Finalist
Etienne Delessert  Switzerland Finalist
Svjetlan Junakovic  Croatia Finalist
Roger Mello  Brazil Finalist
2012 Peter Sís  Czech Republic Winner
John Burningham  UK Finalist
Roger Mello  Brazil Finalist
Mohammad Ali Beniasadi  Iran Finalist
Javier Zabala  Spain Finalist
2014 Roger Mello  Brazil Winner
Rotraut Susanne Berner  Germany Finalist
John Burningham  UK Finalist
Eva, Lindström  Sweden Finalist
François Place  France Finalist
Øyvind, Torseter  Norway Finalist
2016 Rotraut Susanne Berner  Germany Winner
Alessandro Sanna  Italy Finalist
Suzy Lee  Korea Finalist
tMarit Törnqvist  Netherlands Finalist
Pejman Rahimizadeh  Iran Finalist
2018 Igor Oleynikov [Wikidata]  Russia Winner
Pablo Bernasconi  Argentina Finalist
Linda Wolfsgruber  Austria Finalist
Xiong Liang  China Finalist
Iwona Chmielewska  Poland Finalist
Albertine Zullo  Switzerland Finalist
2020 Albertine Zullo  Switzerland Winner
Isabelle Arsenault  Canada Finalist
Seizo Tashima  Japan Finalist
Sylvia Weve  Netherlands Finalist
Iwona Chmielewska  Poland Finalist
Elena Odriozola  Spain Finalist

Winners by country

The winners are most often residents of Europe and North America; the first winner from outside that region was Farshid Mesghali in 1974, from Iran. After receiving the award. many authors and illustrators have their works gain wider recognition, particularly in the form of more translations. As of 2021 there have been award winners from 25 countries. Americans have received the most writing (6) and total (7) recipients. Germans have won four illustration awards, tying them for the most.

Country Illustration Writing No. of winners
 United States 1 6 7
 Germany 4 2 6
 Japan 2 3 5
 United Kingdom 2 3 5
 Czechoslovakia 3 1 4
 Switzerland 3 1 4
 Brazil 1 2 3
 Denmark 2 1 3
 Australia 1 1 2
 Austria 1 1 2
 France 1 1 2
 Italy 1 1 2
 Netherlands 1 1 2
 Sweden 2 2
 Argentina 1 1
 China 1 1
 Czech Republic 1 1
 Finland 1 1
 Israel 1 1
 Iran 1 1
 Ireland 1 1
 New Zealand 1 1
 Norway 1 1
 Spain 1 1
 Poland 1 1
 Russia 1 1
 Soviet Union 1 1
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