kids encyclopedia robot

Wongan Hills, Western Australia facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Wongan Hills
Western Australia
Fenton Place, Wongan Hills, 2016 (03).JPG
View of Fenton Place, Wongan Hills, 2016
Population 745 (2006 census)
Established 1911
Postcode(s) 6603
Elevation 286 m (938 ft)
Location 182 km (113 mi) NNE of Perth
LGA(s) Shire of Wongan-Ballidu
State electorate(s) Central Wheatbelt
Federal Division(s) Durack
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
24.9 °C
77 °F
11.5 °C
53 °F
361.8 mm
14.2 in

Wongan Hills is a town in the Shire of Wongan-Ballidu, in the Wheatbelt region of Western Australia. The town is approximately 182 km north of the state capital Perth, at an altitude of 286 metres.

The town is named for a nearby range of hills that are found to the north-west of the town, also named Wongan Hills, which was first recorded in 1836 by Surveyor General of Western Australia John Septimus Roe. As part of Easter celebrations in 2009, a 1.8-by-1.1-kilometre (1.1 by 0.7 mi) cross was laid out in a bare paddock using 460 half-tonne hay bales with the aid of GPS receivers.

The cross was set alight on Good Friday night and was the end of a pilgrimage conducted on Easter Saturday.

History

The area was settled by the 1900s, and in 1911 the town was gazetted and named after the range. "Wongan" is derived from the Indigenous Australian name "wangan-katta", "wanka" and "woongan". "Katta" is known to mean "hill", but the meaning of "wongan" is uncertain. It may be related to "kwongan", an indigenous word for sandplain, or "whispering", in which case "wongan katta" would mean "whispering hills" (katta is a word for hill).

In 1925 an agricultural research station was established about 5 km north of the town which assisted in the diversification and improvements in farm practices through the state. The area is a prosperous agricultural region with activities focused on sheep, grain and pig-farming.

Construction of a grain silo commenced in 1933 as part of the bulk handling scheme that had been introduced by the government and managed by Cooperative Bulk Handling.

In the early 1900s, poet Lilian Wooster Greaves lived with her family at Wongan Hills. Her book of poetry includes a number of prose and poetry items relating to living there at the time of the first world war.

Climate

Climate data for Wongan Hills
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 47.4
(117.3)
47.0
(116.6)
43.5
(110.3)
39.2
(102.6)
34.7
(94.5)
26.0
(78.8)
25.4
(77.7)
30.2
(86.4)
35.2
(95.4)
39.5
(103.1)
42.0
(107.6)
45.0
(113)
47.4
(117.3)
Average high °C (°F) 34.6
(94.3)
34.0
(93.2)
30.9
(87.6)
26.4
(79.5)
21.6
(70.9)
18.1
(64.6)
17.0
(62.6)
17.9
(64.2)
20.6
(69.1)
25.1
(77.2)
29.0
(84.2)
32.4
(90.3)
25.6
(78.1)
Average low °C (°F) 17.8
(64)
18.2
(64.8)
16.3
(61.3)
13.4
(56.1)
10.0
(50)
7.8
(46)
6.6
(43.9)
6.6
(43.9)
7.6
(45.7)
10.0
(50)
13.0
(55.4)
15.8
(60.4)
11.9
(53.4)
Record low °C (°F) 9.8
(49.6)
8.5
(47.3)
5.5
(41.9)
2.8
(37)
-0.6
(30.9)
-0.8
(30.6)
-0.9
(30.4)
-0.5
(31.1)
0.5
(32.9)
0.5
(32.9)
3.4
(38.1)
7.3
(45.1)
-0.9
(30.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 14.2
(0.559)
15.2
(0.598)
20.1
(0.791)
22.2
(0.874)
52.5
(2.067)
70.4
(2.772)
69.1
(2.72)
51.5
(2.028)
29.7
(1.169)
19.9
(0.783)
12.3
(0.484)
10.1
(0.398)
388.0
(15.276)
Humidity 24 28 31 38 48 56 58 55 47 34 28 26 39
Avg. precipitation days 2.0 2.3 2.8 4.9 8.8 12.4 13.3 12.1 8.5 5.9 3.4 2.0 78.4
kids search engine
Wongan Hills, Western Australia Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.