Woollahra, New South Wales facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsWoollahra
Sydney, New South Wales
Phoenix Hotel, Moncur Street
|Population||7,180 (2011 census)|
|Location||5 km (3 mi) east of Sydney CBD|
|LGA(s)||Municipality of Woollahra|
|State electorate(s)||Sydney, Vaucluse|
Woollahra is a suburb in the Eastern Suburbs of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Woollahra is located 5 kilometres east of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the Municipality of Woollahra. The Municipality of Woollahra takes its name from the suburb but its administrative centre is located in Double Bay. Woollahra is famous for its quiet, tree-lined residential streets and village-style shopping centre.
Woollahra is an Aboriginal word meaning camp or meeting ground or a sitting down place. It was adopted by Daniel Cooper (1821–1902), the first speaker of the legislative assembly of New South Wales, when he laid the foundations of Woollahra House in 1856. It was built on the site of the old Henrietta Villa (or Point Piper House). Cooper and his descendants were responsible for the establishment and progress of the suburb and its name was taken from the house.
Woollahra was the home of John McGarvie Smith, a metallurgist and biochemist who produced the first preservable anthrax vaccine.
Woollahra is serviced by Sydney Buses, including the 200 and 389 routes, as well as numerous services along Oxford Street in the suburb's south. Routes 333, 380 and 440 all provide direct services to the Sydney CBD from Oxford Street. The 352 on Oxford Street provides commuters with a service to Surry Hills, Newtown and eventually Sydenham in the city's south.
The nearest railway stations are Edgecliff to the north of the suburb and Bondi Junction to the south, both on the Illawarra line. When the Eastern Suburbs railway was constructed in the 1970s, there were plans to include a railway station in Woollahra itself, but this was opposed by local residents and the station was never built.
Culture and events
Queen Street Fair
In the 1970s, a fair was held in Queen Street. Initially a community fair, it grew and became more commercial until local residents became unhappy with the Queen Street Fair's noise, size, and disruption. Consequently, the fair ceased in the early 1980s.
Sport and Recreation
Since 1908, Woollahra has been represented in one of Australia's most popular sporting competitions, the National Rugby League, by the Sydney Roosters, officially known as the Eastern Suburbs District Rugby League Football Club.
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