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Élisabeth of Bourbon facts for kids

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Élisabeth
Duchess of Nemours
Élisabeth de Vendôme, duchesse de Nemours.jpg
Spouse
Charles Amadeus, Duke of Nemours
(m. 1643; died 1652)
Issue
Full name
Élisabeth de Bourbon
House Bourbon-Vendôme
Father César de Bourbon
Mother Françoise of Lorraine
Religion Roman Catholicism

Élisabeth de Bourbon (August 1614 – 19 May 1664) was a granddaughter of King Henry IV of France.

Biography

Coat of arms of Élisabeth de Bourbon as Duchess of Nemours.png

Élisabeth was born in Paris. Her father was César de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme, legitimised son of King Henry IV of France and his official mistress Gabrielle d'Estrées. Her mother was Princess Françoise of Lorraine (1592–1669), daughter and heiress of Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercœur, himself a rival of Henry IV. Her mother was the Duchess of Mercœur and Penthièvre in her own right and was the greatest heiress of her time.

Styled as Mademoiselle de Vendôme prior to marriage, she was the second of three children; she had two brothers, the Frondeur François de Bourbon, Duke of Beaufort and Louis de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme whose wife Laura Mancini was a niece of Cardinal Mazarin. They were the parents of Louis Joseph de Bourbon, a very successful military commander and a Marshal of France.

On 11 July 1643 at the Louvre, Mademoiselle de Vendôme married Charles Amadeus of Savoy, Duke of Nemours. The young prince was a member of a cadet branch of the house of Savoy which had settled in France. The young prince was a direct descendant of Philip II, Duke of Savoy as was Élisabeth. They had two daughters who would marry the heirs to the thrones of Savoy and Portugal, and three sons who died shortly after birth.

In 1652 the Duke of Nemours was killed by her brother François, Duke of Beaufort in a duel. Élisabeth herself died in Paris. She managed to secure the income of the lands of Nemours for her two daughters, but the titles were inherited by other members of the family.

Issue

  1. Marie Jeanne of Savoy, Mademoiselle de Nemours (1644–1724) married Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy in 1665.
  2. Stillborn daughter
  3. Marie Françoise of Savoy, Mademoiselle d'Aumale (1646–1683) married Afonso VI of Portugal in 1666 and afterwards Afonso's brother Pedro II of Portugal.
  4. Prince Joseph of Savoy (1649–1649)
  5. Prince Francis of Savoy (1650–1650)
  6. Prince Charles Amadeus of Savoy (1651–1651)

Ancestry

 
 
 
 
 
16. Charles de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme
 
 
8. Antoine of Navarre
 
 
 
 
 
 
17. Françoise of Alençon
 
 
4. Henry IV of France
 
 
 
 
 
 
18. Henry II of Navarre
 
 
9. Jeanne III of Navarre
 
 
 
 
 
 
19. Marguerite of Navarre
 
 
2. César de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme, Beaufort and Étampes
 
 
 
 
 
 
20. Jean d'Estrées, marquis de Cœuvres
 
 
10. Antoine d'Estrées
 
 
 
 
 
 
21. Catherine de Bourbon
 
 
5. Gabrielle d'Estrées
 
 
 
 
 
 
22. Jean Babou de La Bourdaisière, comte de Sagonne
 
 
11. Françoise Babou de La Bourdaisière
 
 
 
 
 
 
23. Françoise Robertet, dame d'Alluyes
 
1. Élisabeth de Bourbon
 
 
 
 
 
24. Antoine, Duke of Lorraine
 
 
12. Nicholas, Duke of Mercœur
 
 
 
 
 
 
25. Renée of Bourbon-Montpensier
 
 
6. Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercœur
 
 
 
 
 
 
26. Philip of Savoy, Duke of Nemours
 
 
13. Joanna of Savoy
 
 
 
 
 
 
27. Charlotte d'Orléans
 
 
3. Françoise of Lorraine
 
 
 
 
 
 
28. François de Luxembourg, vicomte de Martigues
 
 
14. Sebastien, Duke of Penthièvre
 
 
 
 
 
 
29. Charlotte de Brosse
 
 
7. Marie of Luxembourg, Duchess of Penthièvre
 
 
 
 
 
 
30. Jean de Beaucaire, seigneur de Puyguillon
 
 
15. Marie de Beaucaire
 
 
 
 
 
 
31. Guyonne du Breuil
 
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