kids encyclopedia robot

2006 Canadian federal election facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
2006 Canadian federal election

← 2004 January 23, 2006 (2006-01-23) 2008 →
← List of House members of the 38th Parliament of Canada
List of House members of the 39th Parliament of Canada →

308 seats in the House of Commons
155 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Turnout 64.7% (Increase3.8pp)
  First party Second party
  Stephen Harper G8 2007.jpg Paul martin 2004.jpg
Leader Stephen Harper Paul Martin
Party Conservative Liberal
Leader since March 20, 2004 November 14, 2003
Leader's seat Calgary Southwest LaSalle—Émard
Last election 99 seats, 29.63% 135 seats, 36.73%
Seats before 98 133
Seats won 124 103
Seat change Increase26 Decrease30
Popular vote 5,374,071 4,479,415
Percentage 36.27% 30.23%
Swing Increase6.64pp Decrease6.50pp

  Third party Fourth party
  Gilles Duceppe 2011 (cropped).jpg Jack Layton-cr bl (cropped).jpg
Leader Gilles Duceppe Jack Layton
Party Bloc Québécois New Democratic
Leader since March 15, 1997 January 24, 2003
Leader's seat Laurier—
Sainte-Marie
Toronto—Danforth
Last election 54 seats, 12.39% 19 seats, 15.68%
Seats before 53 18
Seats won 51 29
Seat change Decrease2 Increase11
Popular vote 1,553,201 2,589,597
Percentage 10.48% 17.48%
Swing Decrease1.91pp Increase1.80pp

Canada 2006 Federal Election.svg
Popular vote by province, with graphs indicating the number of seats won. As this is an FPTP election, seat totals are not determined by popular vote by province but instead via results by each riding.

Prime Minister before election

Paul Martin
Liberal

Prime Minister after election

Stephen Harper
Conservative

Canadian federal election, 2006 results by riding
Map of the ridings and their popular vote

The 2006 Canadian federal election (more formally, the 39th General Election) was held on January 23, 2006, to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada of the 39th Parliament of Canada.

Results

Canada 2006 Federal Election seats
Rendition of party representation in the 39th Canadian parliament decided by this election.      Conservatives (124)      Liberals (103)      Bloc Québécois (51)      New Democrats (29)      Independent (1)

Overall results

124 103 51 29 1
Conservative Liberal BQ NDP I

[discuss] – [edit]
Party Party leader Candi-
dates
Seats Popular vote
2004 Dissol. 2006 % Change # % Change
  Conservative Stephen Harper 308 99 98 124 +26.3% 5,374,071 36.27% +6.64pp
Liberal Paul Martin 308 135 133 103 -23.7% 4,479,415 30.23% -6.50pp
  Bloc Québécois Gilles Duceppe 75 54 53 51 -5.6% 1,553,201 10.48% -1.90pp
  New Democrats Jack Layton 308 19 18 29 +52.6% 2,589,597 17.48% +1.71pp
  Independents and no affiliation 90 1 4 11 - 81,860 0.55% -0.07pp
Green Jim Harris 308 - - -   664,068 4.48% +0.19pp
  Christian Heritage Ron Gray 45 - - -   28,152 0.19% -0.11pp
Progressive Canadian Tracy Parsons 25 - - -   14,151 0.10% +0.02pp
  Marijuana Blair Longley 23 - - -   9,171 0.06% -0.18pp
  Marxist-Leninist Sandra L. Smith 69 - - -   8,980 0.06% +0.00pp
  Canadian Action Connie Fogal 34 - - -   6,102 0.04% -0.02pp
  Communist Miguel Figueroa 21 - - -   3,022 0.02% -0.01pp
  Libertarian Jean-Serge Brisson 10 - - -   3,002 0.02% +0.01pp
First Peoples National Barbara Wardlaw 5 * - - * 1,201 0.0081% *
  Western Block Doug Christie 4 * - - * 1,094 0.0074% *
Animal Alliance Liz White 1 * - - * 72 0.00049% *
  Vacant 2  
Total 1634 308 308 308 ±0.0% 14,817,159 100%  
Source: Elections Canada

Notes:

Official candidate nominations closed January 2, 2006. Candidate totals cited above are based on official filings. Nominations were official on January 5, 2006.
"% change" refers to change from previous election
* indicates the party did not contest in the previous election.
1 André Arthur was elected as an independent candidate in the Quebec City-area riding of Portneuf—Jacques-Cartier. He personally won 20,158 votes.

Vote and seat summaries

Popular vote
Conservative
  
36.27%
Liberal
  
30.23%
NDP
  
17.48%
Bloc Québécois
  
10.48%
Green
  
4.48%
Others
  
1.06%

Seat totals
Conservative
  
40.26%
Liberal
  
33.44%
Bloc Québécois
  
16.56%
NDP
  
9.4%
Independents
  
0.32%

Results by province

Canadian-Federal-2006.png
Party name BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NL NU NT YT Total
  Conservative Seats: 17 28 12 8 40 10 3 3 - 3 - - - 124
  Vote: 37.3 65.0 48.9 42.8 35.1 24.6 35.7 29.69 33.4 42.67 29.6 19.8 23.67 36.25
  Liberal Seats: 9 - 2 3 54 13 6 6 4 4 1 - 1 103
  Vote: 27.6 15.3 22.4 26.0 39.9 20.7 39.2 37.15 52.5 42.82 39.1 34.9 48.52 30.2
  Bloc Québécois Seats:           51               51
  Vote:           42.1               10.5
  New Democrat Seats: 10 - - 3 12 - 1 2 - - - 1 - 29
  Vote: 28.6 11.6 24.0 25.4 19.4 7.5 21.9 29.84 9.6 13.58 17.6 42.1 23.85 17.5
Green Vote: 5.3 6.5 3.2 3.9 4.7 4.0 2.4 2.6 3.9 0.9 5.9 2.1 4.0 4.5
  Independent / No affiliation Seats: 1         1
  Vote:     0.9               0.1
  Total seats: 36 28 14 14 106 75 10 11 4 7 1 1 1 308
David Emerson, elected on January 23 as a Liberal in the British Columbia riding of Vancouver Kingsway, changed parties on February 6 to join the Conservatives before the new Parliament had taken office. He is reflected here as a Liberal.

André Arthur was elected as an independent candidate in the Quebec riding of Portneuf—Jacques-Cartier.

Images for kids

kids search engine
2006 Canadian federal election Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.