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Paul Martin

PC CC QC
Paul Martin in 2011 crop.jpg
21st Prime Minister of Canada
In office
December 12, 2003 – February 6, 2006
Monarch Elizabeth II
Governor General Adrienne Clarkson
Michaëlle Jean
Deputy Anne McLellan
Preceded by Jean Chrétien
Succeeded by Stephen Harper
Leader of the Liberal Party
In office
November 14, 2003 – March 19, 2006
Preceded by Jean Chrétien
Succeeded by Bill Graham (interim)
34th Minister of Finance
In office
November 4, 1993 – June 2, 2002
Prime Minister Jean Chrétien
Preceded by Gilles Loiselle
Succeeded by John Manley
Minister responsible for the Economic Development Agency of Canada for the Regions of Quebec
In office
November 4, 1993 – January 24, 1996
Prime Minister Jean Chrétien
Preceded by Jean Charest
Succeeded by John Manley
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for LaSalle—Émard
In office
November 21, 1988 – October 14, 2008
Preceded by Claude Lanthier
Succeeded by Lise Zarac
Personal details
Born
Paul Edgar Philippe Martin

August 28, 1938 (1938-08-28) (age 82)
Windsor, Ontario, Canada
Nationality Canadian
Political party Liberal
Spouse(s)
Sheila Cowan (m. 1965)
Children 3
Parents Paul Martin Sr.
Eleanor Alice Adams
Residence Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Alma mater St. Michael's College, Toronto
University of Toronto Faculty of Law
Profession Lawyer, businessman, author
Signature

Paul Martin Jr. (born August 28, 1938) was the 21st Prime Minister of Canada. He was also the leader of the Liberal Party of Canada. He became prime minister December 12, 2003, when Jean Chrétien stepped down. He won an election on June 28, 2004, because the Liberals won more seats than the other political parties; but they did not win a majority of the seats, so he led a minority government. There was another election on January 23, 2006; his party lost this election, so Stephen Harper became the next prime minister.

Martin was greatly respected, as a Finance Minister, around the world for his fiscal management, because of the growth in the economy and for taking the government out of deficit. His tenure as Prime Minister is generally seen as a disaster by most Canadians.

Martin was born in Windsor, Ontario. His father was a member of the Canadian House of Commons for thirty-three years and was a part of the cabinet. Martin graduated from the University of Toronto in 1961 with a B.A. in history and philosophy and from the University of Toronto Law School in 1965. He married Sheila Martin in 1965.

He was elected to parliament from the riding of LaSalle-Émard in Montreal, Quebec in 1988. He was finance minister from 1993 until 2002. He became known for balancing the budget (ending government borrowing of money). In 2003, he was elected leader of the Liberal party, and was appointed prime minister one month later.

Mr. Martin's government made same-sex marriage legal. It also had problems with the Sponsorship scandal in 2004. In 2006, Parliament passed a vote of no confidence, which forced a national election to be held on January 23. The Liberals lost the election and Martin lost his position as prime minister. Soon afterwards, he resigned his position as leader of the Liberal Party.

After fourteen months in office, Paul Martin got the nickname "Mr. Dithers". He was called so by the magazine The Economist. They say this is because he changed his opinion too often.

Now seen as a global diplomat, Martin continues to contribute on the international arena through a variety of initiatives such as Incentives for Global Health, the not-for-profit behind the Health Impact Fund, where he serves as a member of the Advisory Board.

Martin sits as an advisor to Canada's Ecofiscal Commission.

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