Jean Chrétien facts

The Right Honourable
Joseph Jacques Jean Chrétien
PC, OM, CC, QC, LLD
20th Prime Minister of Canada
In office
November 4, 1993 – December 12, 2003
Monarch Elizabeth II
Preceded by Kim Campbell
Succeeded by Paul Martin
Member of Parliament
for Saint-Maurice
In office
1993 – December 12, 2003
Preceded by Denis Pronovost
Succeeded by Marcel Gagnon
Member of Parliament
for Beauséjour
In office
December 10, 1990 – 1993
Preceded by Fernand Robichaud
Succeeded by Fernand Robichaud
Member of Parliament
for Saint-Maurice—Laflèche (1963-1968) and Saint-Maurice (1968-1986)
In office
1963 – February 27, 1986
Preceded by Gérard Lamy
Succeeded by Gilles Grondin
Personal details
Born January 11, 1934 (1934-01-11) (age 84)
Shawinigan, Quebec
Political party Liberal
Spouse(s) Aline Chrétien
Relations Michel Chrétien, brother
Children Hubert Chrétien, Michel Chrétien, and France Chrétien Desmarais
Residence Shawinigan, Quebec
Alma mater Université Laval
Occupation Lawyer
Religion Roman Catholic
Signature

Joseph Jacques Jean Chrétien (born January 11, 1934), known commonly as Jean Chrétien, is a Canadian politician who served as the 20th Prime Minister of Canada from November 4, 1993, to December 12, 2003.

Born and raised in Shawinigan, Quebec, Chrétien is a law graduate from Université Laval. He was first elected to the House of Commons of Canada in 1963. He served in various cabinet posts under Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, most prominently as Minister of Justice, Minister of Finance, and Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development.

He also served as deputy prime minister in John Turner's short-lived government. He became leader of the Liberal Party of Canada in 1990, and led the party to a majority government in the 1993 federal election. He was reelected with further majorities in 1997 and 2000.

Chrétien was strongly opposed to the Quebec sovereignty movement and supported official bilingualism and multiculturalism. He won a narrow victory as leader of the federalist camp in the 1995 Quebec referendum, and then pioneered the Clarity Act. He also advanced the Youth Criminal Justice Act in Parliament.

Although his popularity and that of the Liberal Party were seemingly unchallenged for three consecutive federal elections, he became subject to various political controversies in the later years of his prime-ministership. He resigned as prime minister in December 2003, and left public life. In retrospective polling, Chrétien ranks highly among both scholars and the public.

Honours

Ribbon Description Notes
Order of Merit (Commonwealth realms) ribbon.png Order of Merit (O.M.)
  • July 13, 2009
Order of Canada (CC) ribbon bar.svg Companion of the Order of Canada (C.C.)
  • Awarded on May 3, 2007
  • Invested on February 22, 2008
Canada100 ribbon.png Centennial Anniversary of the Confederation of Canada Medal
  • 1967
  • As a Minister of the Crown and an elected Member of the House of Commons of Canada, the then Honourable Jean Chrétien would be awarded the medal as a member of the Canadian order of precedence
QEII Silver Jubilee Medal ribbon.png Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal for Canada
  • 1977
  • As a Minister of the Crown and an elected Member of the House of Commons of Canada, the then Honourable Jean Chrétien would be awarded the medal as a member of the Canadian order of precedence
Canada125 ribbon.png 125th Anniversary of the Confederation of Canada Medal
  • 1993
  • As the Leader of Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition and an elected Member of the House of Commons of Canada, the then Honourable Jean Chrétien would be awarded the medal as a member of the Canadian order of precedence
QEII Golden Jubilee Medal ribbon.png Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal for Canada
QEII Diamond Jubilee Medal ribbon.png Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal for Canada
  • 2012
  • As a former Prime Minister of Canada and having been awarded with the Order of Canada, the Right Honourable Jean Chrétien was awarded the medal as a member of the Canadian order of precedence.
Orden of Friendship-wide.png Order of Friendship from the Russian Federation
  • 2014

Images


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