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Pierre Elliott Trudeau

Pierre Trudeau (1975).jpg
Trudeau in 1975
15th Prime Minister of Canada
In office
March 3, 1980 – June 30, 1984
Monarch Elizabeth II
Governor General
Deputy Allan MacEachen
Preceded by Joe Clark
Succeeded by John Turner
In office
April 20, 1968 – June 4, 1979
Monarch Elizabeth II
Governor General
Deputy Allan MacEachen
Preceded by Lester B. Pearson
Succeeded by Joe Clark
Leader of the Opposition
In office
June 4, 1979 – March 3, 1980
Prime Minister Joe Clark
Preceded by Joe Clark
Succeeded by Joe Clark
Leader of the Liberal Party
In office
April 6, 1968 – June 16, 1984
Preceded by Lester B. Pearson
Succeeded by John Turner
Minister of Justice
In office
April 4, 1967 – July 5, 1968
Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson
Preceded by Louis Cardin
Succeeded by John Turner
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Mount Royal
In office
November 8, 1965 – June 30, 1984
Preceded by Alan Macnaughton
Succeeded by Sheila Finestone
Personal details
Joseph Philippe Pierre Yves Elliott Trudeau

(1919-10-18)October 18, 1919
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Died September 28, 2000(2000-09-28) (aged 80)
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Resting place Saint-Rémi Cemetery, Saint-Rémi, Quebec
Political party Liberal
Margaret Sinclair
(m. 1971; div. 1984)
Children 4, including
  • Charles-Émile Trudeau (father)
  • Grace Elliott (mother)
Education Law (LL.B., 1943)
Political economy (M.A., 1945)
Alma mater
Military service
Allegiance  Canada
Branch/service  Canadian Forces Land Force Command
Years of service 1943–1945
Rank Officer Cadet
Unit Canadian Officers' Training Corps

Joseph Philippe Pierre Yves Elliott Trudeau,PC, CC, CH, QC, MSRC, (October 18, 1919 in Montreal, Canada – September 28, 2000 in Montreal, Canada) was the 15th Canadian Prime Minister during the 1970s (1968 - 1979), and then again from 1980 - 1984. He is thought by many Canadian citizens today as having been the greatest Canadian Prime Minister ever. His son is the 23rd and current Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau.

As Prime Minister

He had many challenges during the 1970s, including the October Crisis, and in 1980 held the country together by defeating the referendum on Quebec sovereignty (the province of Quebec wanted to leave Canada and become its own country), and keeping Quebec a member of the Canadian state. Another popular event associated with Pierre Trudeau is Trudeaumania, which referred to how much he was liked by the Canadian people. As a relatively young man, he was very close to the youth of the time, as well as funny, and he appealed to everyone by being so understanding and just like a normal person. This kind of Prime Minister had never been seen before, and it made people feel like he was a good, friendly person.

Retirement and death

Trudeau retired from being the Prime Minister in 1984, after which he did not speak to the public very much. He died of prostate cancer and Parkinson's disease in Montreal on September 28, 2000. After he died, his son, Justin Trudeau, spoke at his funeral, which was shown all over the country. He said je t'aime (French for "I love you") and cried on his father's coffin. After this moving eulogy (a speech at a funeral about the dead person), many Canadian people thought Justin would have a future in politics; Justin is a member of the Canadian parliament, and he represents the people of the Papineau constituency (another word for area), which is in the Canadian province of Quebec.

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