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Gordon Brown

Gordon Brown official (cropped).jpg
Official portrait of Brown, around 2009
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
In office
27 June 2007 – 11 May 2010
Monarch Elizabeth II
First Secretary The Lord Mandelson (2009–10)
Preceded by Tony Blair
Succeeded by David Cameron
Leader of the Labour Party
In office
24 June 2007 – 11 May 2010
Deputy Harriet Harman
General Secretary Peter Watt
Ray Collins
Chairman Harriet Harman
Preceded by Tony Blair
Succeeded by Ed Miliband
Chancellor of the Exchequer
In office
2 May 1997 – 28 June 2007
Prime Minister Tony Blair
Chief Secretary Alistair Darling
Stephen Byers
Alan Milburn
Andrew Smith
Paul Boateng
Des Browne
Stephen Timms
Preceded by Kenneth Clarke
Succeeded by Alistair Darling
Member of Parliament
for Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath
Dunfermline East (1983–2005)
In office
9 June 1983 – 30 March 2015
Preceded by Dick Douglas (Dunfermline)
Succeeded by Roger Mullin
Personal details
James Gordon Brown

20 February 1951 (1951-02-20) (age 70)
Giffnock, Renfrewshire, Scotland
Political party Labour
Sarah Macaulay (m. 2000)
Children 3
  • John Ebenezer Brown
  • Jessie Elizabeth Souter
Alma mater University of Edinburgh (BA 1971, MA 1972, PhD 1982)

James Gordon Brown (born 20 February 1951) is a British politician. He served as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and was the leader of the British Labour Party. He was the Labour MP Representative for the Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath UK Constituency.

He was born at Orchard Maternity Nursing Home in Giffnock, Scotland and is married to Sarah Macaulay. Their daughter Jennifer Jane died as a baby. They have two sons, John Macaulay and James Fraser. Brown is blind in his left eye after a sports injury but he has a replacement eye made of glass.

Brown took over as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after Tony Blair resigned on 27 June 2007. Before this, he had been Chancellor of the Exchequer since May 1997.

Brown has a PhD in history from the University of Edinburgh. He spent his early career working as a television journalist. He has been a Member of Parliament since 1983. At the beginning for Dunfermline East and since 2005 for Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath. As Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, he was also First Lord of the Treasury and the Minister for the Civil Service.

Brown's time as Chancellor was marked by major reform of Britain's financial and fiscal policy architecture. For example, was the interest rate setting power transferred to the Bank of England. This was done by a wide extension of the powers of the Treasury to cover much domestic policy and by giving the responsibility for banking supervision to the Financial Services Authority. Controversial moves included the abolition of Advance Corporation Tax (ACT) relief in his first budget, and the removal in his final budget of the 10 per cent "starting rate" of personal income tax which he had introduced in 1999.

After an initial rise in opinion polls, Brown's time as Prime Minister has seen his approval ratings fall. The Labour Party suffered its worst local election results in 40 years. Despite public and parliamentary pressure on his leadership, he remained leader of the Labour Party. He announced on 6 April 2010 that there would be a general election on 6 May 2010, in which Labour came second, with 258 seats. Brown resigned, allowing Conservative leader David Cameron to become Prime Minister.

On 14 July 2012, United Nations Secretary-General Ban ki-moon named Brown UN Special Envoy for Education.

In 2017, he made a statement about Scotland having a "full blown mental health emergency" citing the hiring of mental health staff by a Charity.

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