kids encyclopedia robot

John Major facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

Sir John Major

clean-shaven middle-aged white man with grey hair, wearing glasses
John Major (2007)
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
In office
28 November 1990 – 2 May 1997
Monarch Elizabeth II
Deputy Michael Heseltine (1995–97)
Preceded by Margaret Thatcher
Succeeded by Tony Blair
Leader of the Opposition
In office
2 May 1997 – 19 June 1997
Monarch Elizabeth II
Prime Minister Tony Blair
Preceded by Tony Blair
Succeeded by William Hague
Leader of the Conservative Party
In office
28 November 1990 – 19 June 1997
Deputy Viscount Whitelaw (1990–91)
Preceded by Margaret Thatcher
Succeeded by William Hague
Member of Parliament
for Huntingdon
(Huntingdonshire, 1979–1983)
In office
3 May 1979 – 14 May 2001
Preceded by David Renton
Succeeded by Jonathan Djanogly
Personal details
Born 29 March 1943 (1943-03-29) (age 77)
St Helier, Surrey, England
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s)
Norma Johnson (m. 1970)
Children 2
Parents Tom Major-Ball (father)
Relatives Terry Major-Ball (brother)
Education Rutlish School

Sir John Major KG CH (born 29 March 1943) is a British politician who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1990 to 1997. He served as a member of the Cabinet under Margaret Thatcher as Chief Secretary to the Treasury (1987–1989), Foreign Secretary (1989) and Chancellor of the Exchequer (1989–1990).

Early life and career

Major was born at St Helier Hospital and Queen Mary's Hospital for Children in St Helier, London, in England and left school at the age of 16. He became a Conservative councillor in 1968. At the 1979 general election, Major was elected Member of Parliament (MP) for Huntingdonshire (Huntingdon after 1983).

After holding several cabinet positions, Major was elected to replace Margaret Thatcher as Prime Minister and party leader. On taking office, he saw British action in the Gulf War (1991) and his party's narrow re-election in the 1992 general election.

After this, the Conservatives under Major became unpopular because of the "Black Wednesday" stock market crash in late 1992 and how they became divided over the issue of European Union. Beaten at the 1997 general election, Major stood down as Prime Minister for Tony Blair of the Labour Party, and was replaced as Conservative leader by William Hague. He stood down as an MP at the 2001 general election.

Major has so far declined a life peerage on standing down from Parliament.

Personal life

Major married Norma Johnson (now (Dame) Norma Major DBE) on 3 October 1970. She was a teacher, and a member of the Young Conservatives. They became engaged after only ten days. They have two children; a son, James, and a daughter, Elizabeth. They have a holiday home on the coast of north Norfolk, near Weybourne.

He is a keen follower of cricket, motor racing, and also a supporter of Chelsea Football Club.



Images for kids

kids search engine
John Major Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.