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The Lord Howard of Lympne

Official portrait of Lord Howard of Lympne crop 2.jpg
Howard in 2018
Leader of the Opposition
In office
6 November 2003 – 6 December 2005
Monarch Elizabeth II
Prime Minister Tony Blair
Deputy Michael Ancram
Preceded by Iain Duncan Smith
Succeeded by David Cameron
Leader of the Conservative Party
In office
6 November 2003 – 7 October 2005
Deputy Michael Ancram
Preceded by Iain Duncan Smith
Succeeded by David Cameron
Home Secretary
In office
27 May 1993 – 2 May 1997
Prime Minister John Major
Preceded by Ken Clarke
Succeeded by Jack Straw
Secretary of State for the Environment
In office
11 April 1992 – 27 May 1993
Prime Minister John Major
Preceded by Michael Heseltine
Succeeded by John Gummer
Secretary of State for Employment
In office
3 January 1990 – 11 April 1992
Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
John Major
Preceded by Norman Fowler
Succeeded by Gillian Shephard
Minister of State for Housing
In office
25 July 1989 – 3 January 1990
Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
Preceded by The Earl of Caithness
Succeeded by Michael Spicer
Minister of State for the Environment
In office
25 July 1988 – 25 July 1989
Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
Preceded by The Earl of Caithness
Succeeded by David Trippier
Minister of State for Local Government
In office
13 June 1987 – 25 July 1988
Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
Preceded by Rhodes Boyson
Succeeded by John Gummer
Member of the House of Lords
Lord Temporal
Assumed office
20 July 2010
Life peerage
Member of Parliament
for Folkestone and Hythe
In office
9 June 1983 – 12 April 2010
Preceded by Albert Costain
Succeeded by Damian Collins
Personal details
Born
Michael Hecht

7 July 1941 (1941-07-07) (age 80)
Swansea, Wales, UK
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s)
Sandra Paul (m. 1975)
Children 2
Alma mater Peterhouse, Cambridge
Inns of Court School of Law

Michael Howard (born Michael Hecht, 7 July 1941) is a British politician who was the Leader of the Conservative Party from November 2003 to December 2005. He was also a cabinet minister in both Margaret Thatcher's and John Major's governments. He was a Member of Parliament for the constituency of Folkestone and Hythe from 1983 to 2010. In 2010, he entered the House of Lords as Baron Howard of Lympne.

Michael Howard was born in Gorseinon, a town in Swansea, Wales. He is of Jewish descent. He studied Law at the University of Cambridge and became a Queen's Counsel in 1982. He then became a Member of Parliament at the 1983 General Election. His cabinet jobs included Secretary of State for Employment (1990-1992), Secretary of State for the Environment (1992-1993) and Home Secretary (1993-1997). When the Conservative Party lost the 1997 General Election, Michael Howard became a member of the shadow cabinets of William Hague and Iain Duncan Smith.

In 2003, the Leader of the Conservative Party Iain Duncan Smith was made to resign and Michael Howard was elected unopposed to become the Conservative Party leader. 'Unopposed' means that no-one other than Michael Howard was a candidate. Michael Howard was the Conservative candidate to become Prime Minister at the 2005 General Election. The Conservatives did not win the election, however they had 33 more seats in Parliament than they did before. Michael Howard resigned shortly after this and David Cameron replaced him as Conservative Party leader.

He was made a Companion of Honour in the 2011 Birthday Honours.

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