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Iain Duncan Smith
Official portrait of Mr Iain Duncan Smith crop 2.jpg
Iain Duncan Smith in June 2017
Secretary of State for Work and Pensions
In office
12 May 2010 – 18 March 2016
Prime Minister David Cameron
Preceded by Yvette Cooper
Succeeded by Stephen Crabb
Leader of the Opposition
Monarch Elizabeth II
Prime Minister Tony Blair
Personal details
George Iain Duncan Smith

9 April 1954 (1954-04-09) (age 67)
Edinburgh, Scotland
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Betsy Fremantle
Children 4
Alma mater Royal Military Academy Sandhurst
Military service
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Branch/service Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Years of service 1975–1981
Rank Lieutenant
Unit Scots Guards
Battles/wars The Troubles

George Iain Duncan Smith (born 9 April 1954 in Edinburgh, Scotland) is a British politician who is the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions in the Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition government. He was the leader of the Conservative Party from September 2001 to November 2003 and is the Member of Parliament (MP) for the constituency of Chingford and Woodford Green.

Iain Duncan Smith served in the Scottish part of the British Army, the Scots' Guard from 1975 to 1981. He became a Conservative Party MP at the 1992 General Election for the constituency of Chingford (called Chingford and Woodford Green from 1997). He became a member of William Hague's shadow cabinet in 1997 and became Shadow Defence Secretary in 1999. When Hague resigned in 2001, Iain Duncan Smith was elected leader of the Conservative Party, defeating Kenneth Clarke and Michael Portillo. In November 2003, Conservative Party MPs passed a Vote of No Confidence in Iain Duncan Smith because they believed he could not win the general election. He was replaced by Michael Howard. After the 2010 General Election, Iain Duncan Smith was made the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions.

Iain Duncan Smith was the first leader of the Conservative Party to have been Roman Catholic and was the first to have been born in Scotland since Arthur Balfour.

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