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2020 China–India skirmishes facts for kids

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China–India skirmishes
Part of the Sino-Indian border dispute
Kashmir Region (2020 skirmish locations).jpg
A CIA map of Kashmir with red circles marking the rough locations.
Date 5 May 2020 – present
Line of Actual Control (LAC),
Indo-China border


  • Casus belli: Unresolved borders, border infrastructure development
 India  China
Commanders and leaders

Ram Nath Kovind
(President of India)

Narendra Modi
(Prime Minister of India)
Rajnath Singh (Defence Minister of India)
Bipin Rawat (Chief of Defence Staff)
Manoj Mukund Naravane (Chief of the Army Staff)
Yogesh Kumar Joshi (GOC-in-C, Northern Command)
Xi Jinping
(CCP General Secretary & CMC Chairman) Xu Qiliang
(CMC Vice Chairman)
Zhang Youxia
(CMC Vice Chairman)
Units involved

Indian Armed Forces

  •  India Army
    • IA Northern Command.jpg Northern Command
  • Flag of the India Air Force India Air Force
  • Indo-Tibetan Border Police

 China Armed Forces

  • Ground Force Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg PLA Ground Force
Casualties and losses
20 killed Unknown

The 2020 China–India skirmishes are part of an ongoing military standoffs between China and India. Since 5 May 2020, Chinese and Indian troops have reportedly engaged in aggressive actions, face-offs, and other kinds of intense military action at locations along the Sino-Indian border.

Hand-to-hand combat on 16 June 2020 resulted in the death of 20 Indian soldiers (including an officer), Indian media sources have so far claimed that at least 43 Chinese soldiers were either dead or injured (including the death of an officer) while US intelligence sources reportedly believe that 35 Chinese soldiers are dead, including a senior officer.

Incidents have taken place near the Pangong Lake in Ladakh and the Nathu La pass in Sikkim. In addition, face-offs are ongoing at locations in eastern Ladakh, along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) which was the result of the 1962 Sino-Indian War.

According to some reports, China captured 60 km2. of Indian-patrolled territory between May and June 2020. However, China has denied capturing any territory and both countries agreed to disengage by June 2020.

Between this clash, the Indian government hasn't admitted publicly to Indian citizens that Chinese PLA troops have trangressed their territory. On 6 August 2020 one such document was published in Ministry of Defense website of India claiming that the current clash is expected to be prolonged. This document was taken down by the official website.

According to S Jaishankar, the External Affairs Minister of India, the ongoing military standoff is a result of Beijing not following the existing agreements.

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