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Adams, Tennessee facts for kids

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The old Bell School building, now city hall
The old Bell School building, now city hall
Location of Adams in Robertson County, Tennessee.
Location of Adams in Robertson County, Tennessee.
Adams, Tennessee is located in Tennessee
Adams, Tennessee
Adams, Tennessee
Location in Tennessee
Adams, Tennessee is located in the United States
Adams, Tennessee
Adams, Tennessee
Location in the United States
Adams, Tennessee is located in North America
Adams, Tennessee
Adams, Tennessee
Location in North America
Country United States
State Tennessee
County Robertson
Incorporated 1963
 • Total 2.39 sq mi (6.19 km2)
 • Land 2.39 sq mi (6.19 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
548 ft (167 m)
 • Total 633
 • Estimate 
 • Density 280.64/sq mi (108.37/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 615
FIPS code 47-00200
GNIS feature ID 1304763

Adams is a city in Robertson County, Tennessee, United States. It is near the Kentucky state line. The population was 633 at the 2010 census.


The first settlers in what is now Adams arrived in the late 18th century. The Red River Baptist Church, one of the first churches founded west of the Cumberland Plateau, was built on the banks of the Red River in 1791. The congregation relocated to its current location on Church Street in 1898.

THC marker along US 41 in Adams recalling the Bell Witch haunting

Adams developed in the late 1850s as a station on the Edgefield and Kentucky Railroad (later part of the L&N system). Most of the city's early buildings were destroyed during the Civil War. The city originally incorporated as Red River in 1869, but was renamed Adams Station in honor of James Reuben Adams, who owned much of the land on which the city was built. The name was simplified to "Adams" in 1898. By the late 1880s, Adams was home to several stores, a flour mill, two churches, and a school. The city repealed its charter in 1899, but reincorporated in 1908, and incorporated as a city in 1963.

During the 1920s, Adams began to receive a steady flow of automobile traffic due to its location along U.S. Route 41, which was one of the main roads linking the Chicago area with Florida. The city began to decline in the mid 20th century with the discontinuance of passenger rail traffic and the construction of Interstate 24 and Interstate 65 (which drew much of the automobile traffic away from US 41).

Adams is the site of an infamous haunting, the Bell Witch. The first manifestations of the Bell Witch haunting supposedly occurred in 1817 through 1820 on a farm owned by John Bell. A memorial to the Bell family can be found at Bellwood Cemetery. The city's municipal offices are now located in the former Bell School, which was built in 1920 and named for a descendant of John Bell. A log cabin built by John Bell around 1810 has been relocated to a plot across from the Bell School.


Adams is located at 36°34′54″N 87°3′54″W / 36.58167°N 87.06500°W / 36.58167; -87.06500 (36.581689, -87.065116). The city is situated in northwestern Robertson County at the intersection of U.S. Route 41, which connects Adams with Springfield to the southeast and Guthrie, Kentucky, to the northwest, and State Route 76, which connects Adams with Clarksville to the southwest. The city's boundaries stretch northward and westward to the Red River, a tributary of the Cumberland River.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.5 square miles (6.5 km2), all land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 237
1890 234 −1.3%
1910 542
1920 672 24.0%
1930 512 −23.8%
1970 458
1980 600 31.0%
1990 587 −2.2%
2000 566 −3.6%
2010 633 11.8%
2019 (est.) 671 6.0%

2020 census

Adams racial composition
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 550 88.14%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 22 3.53%
Native American 5 0.8%
Asian 2 0.32%
Other/Mixed 29 4.65%
Hispanic or Latino 16 2.56%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 624 people, 210 households, and 138 families residing in the city.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Adams (Tennessee) para niños

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