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Adelanto, California
City
Official seal of Adelanto, California
Seal
Motto: The City with Unlimited Possibilities
Location of Adelanto in California
Location of Adelanto in California
Country  United States
State  California
County San Bernardino
Incorporated December 22, 1970
Area
 • Total 56.027 sq mi (145.107 km2)
 • Land 56.009 sq mi (145.062 km2)
 • Water 0.018 sq mi (0.046 km2)  0.03%
Elevation 2,871 ft (875 m)
Population (April 1, 2010)
 • Total 31,765
 • Estimate (2013) 31,304
 • Density 566.959/sq mi (218.907/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 92301
Area codes 442/760
FIPS code 06-00296
GNIS feature IDs 1660232, 2409663

Adelanto is a city in San Bernardino County, California, United States. It is about 9 miles (14 km) northwest of Victorville in the Victor Valley area of the Mojave Desert, known as the northern region of the Inland Empire. The population was 31,765 at the 2010 census.

History

Adelanto was founded in 1915 by E. H. Richardson, the inventor of what became the Hotpoint electric iron. He sold his patent and purchased land for $75,000. He had planned to develop one of the first planned communities in Southern California.

The name Adelanto means 'progress' or 'advance' in Spanish, and was first given to the post office that was established on the site in 1917.

Richardson subdivided his land into one-acre plots, which he hoped to sell to veterans with respiratory ailments suffered during World War I. He also hoped to build a respiratory hospital. Richardson never fully realized his dream, but his planning laid the foundation for the present day City of Adelanto.

Acres of deciduous fruit trees once grew in the city, which became known in the state for its fresh fruit and cider. The orchards thrived until the Great Depression, when they were replaced by poultry ranches. As the wartime emergency developed early in 1941, the Victorville Army Air Field was established with land within the Adelanto sphere of influence. In September 1950, the air field was named George Air Force Base in honor of the late Brigadier General Harold H. George.

Adelanto continued as a "community services district" until 1970, when the city incorporated, and Adelanto became San Bernardino County's smallest city. The city became a charter city in November 1992.

Geography

Adelanto is located in the Victor Valley of the south-central Mojave Desert, north of the Cajon Pass and San Bernardino Valley.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 56.0 square miles (145 km2). 56.0 square miles (145 km2) of it is land and 0.02 square miles (0.052 km2) of it (0.03%) is water.

The average elevation of the city is 3,400 ft (1,000 m).

Climate

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Adelanto has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1970 2,115
1980 2,164 2.3%
1990 8,517 293.6%
2000 18,130 112.9%
2010 31,765 75.2%
Est. 2015 33,166 4.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010

The 2010 United States Census reported that Adelanto had a population of 31,765. The population density was 567.0 people per square mile (218.9/km²). The racial makeup of Adelanto was 13,909 (43.8%) White (17.0% Non-Hispanic White), 6,511 (20.5%) African American, 411 (1.3%) Native American, 617 (1.9%) Asian, 194 (0.6%) Pacific Islander, 8,337 (26.2%) from other races, and 1,786 (5.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18,513 persons (58.3%).

Arts and culture

Adelanto Branch Library
Adelanto Branch Library

Established in 1921 as part of the San Bernardino County's library system, the Adelanto Library began in the office of a fruit company. El Mirage Dry Lake, located west of Adelanto, has been used for filming movies and television commercials, most notably the opening sequence of the later episodes of the TV series Sky King.

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