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Amos Adams Lawrence
Amos Adams Lawrence.jpg
Amos Adams Lawrence seated at desk, c. 1880
Born (1814-07-31)July 31, 1814
Died August 22, 1886(1886-08-22) (aged 72)
Education Groton Academy
Alma mater Harvard
Occupation Merchant, abolitionist
Known for Giving money to create the University of Kansas; anti-slavery movement; Jayhawker movement
Political party Whig
Sarah Elizabeth Appleton
(his death 1886)
Children William Lawrence
Parent(s) Amos Lawrence
Relatives Samuel Lawrence (grandfather)
Luther Lawrence (uncle)
Abbott Lawrence (uncle)

Amos Adams Lawrence (July 31, 1814 – August 22, 1886), the son of philanthropist Amos Lawrence, was an important person in the United States abolition movement shortly before the Civil War. He was important in building the University of Kansas in Lawrence, Kansas and Lawrence University in Appleton, Wisconsin.


Lawrence was born in Groton, Massachusetts or Boston on July 31, 1814.

He died at his summer resort in Nahant, Massachusetts.


Lawrence gave a lot of money to the New England Emigrant Aid Company because he did not want slavery. He gave guns to Jayhawkers to help them fight in the Civil War.

Personal life

Lawrence's parents were Unitarians, but he became Anglican and was confirmed as a member of St. Paul's Episcopal Church in Boston in 1842. He met and married Sarah Elizabeth Appleton (1822–1891) at the church. Sarah was a daughter of U.S. Representative William Appleton and Mary Ann (née Cutler) Appleton, and she was a relative of Samuel Appleton, a trustee of Massachusetts General Hospital and president of the Young Men's Benevolent Society. Together, Amos and Sarah were the parents of:

  • Amory Appleton Lawrence (1848–1912)
  • William Lawrence (1850–1941), who became the Bishop of Massachusetts.
  • Susan Mason Lawrence (1852–1923)
  • Harriet Lawrence Hemenway (1858-1960), who became a co-founder of the Massachusetts Audubon Society.

He died at his summer resort in Nahant, Massachusetts.

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