kids encyclopedia robot

Ampersand Mountain facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Ampersand Mountain
Ampersand Mtn from Middle Saranac Lake.jpg
Ampersand Mountain from Middle Saranac Lake
Highest point
Elevation 3,353 ft (1,022 m)
Prominence 1,313 ft (400 m)
Ampersand Mountain is located in New York Adirondack Park
Ampersand Mountain
Ampersand Mountain
Location in New York Adirondack Park
Ampersand Mountain is located in the United States
Ampersand Mountain
Ampersand Mountain
Location in the United States
Location Harrietstown, New York, U.S.
Parent range Adirondacks
Topo map USGS Ampersand Mountain
First ascent Dr. W. W. Ely, in 1872

Ampersand Mountain is a 3,352 ft (1,021.7 m) mountain in Franklin County in the High Peaks Wilderness Area of the northeastern Adirondacks, west of the High Peaks proper in New York State. The trail up the mountain begins on New York State Route 3 8.1 miles (13.0 km) southwest of the village of Saranac Lake, near Middle Saranac Lake; it is a popular day hike. The mountain takes its name from nearby Ampersand Creek, so named because it twists and turns like the ampersand symbol. The summit is bare rock, with extensive views of the High Peaks to the east and the Saranac Lakes to the west. Stony Creek Mountain is located west-southwest of Ampersand Mountain. The mountain is notable as the land surrounding its hiking trail's initial ascent is generally acknowledged as unlogged old growth forest.


W.W. Ely made the first recorded ascent of Ampersand Mountain in 1872. Ely and Dr. William Reed and three others later cleared the summit of trees, and built a lean-to. The following year, Verplanck Colvin cleared the remaining trees while working on his survey of the Adirondacks, and subsequent fires and erosion left the summit bare. Colvin credits Ely for the mountain's name. New York State built a fire lookout station on the summit in 1911, although a fire tower was deemed unnecessary due to the open views available. By 1920, tree growth was such that a 22-foot (7-meter) fire tower was erected. The tower was used until 1970, when the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation closed it, as it had become more cost-effective to spot fires using aircraft. The tower was removed in July, 1977. There is a memorial near the summit to hermit Walter Channing Rice, who manned the fire tower from 1915 to 1923.

Ampersand was the first mountain that wilderness activist and explorer Bob Marshall climbed, in 1915, when he was 14. In 1925, Marshall, his brother George and Herbert K. Clark became the first to climb all 46 of the Adirondack peaks over 4,000 ft (1,200 m), becoming the first Adirondack Forty-Sixers.

kids search engine
Ampersand Mountain Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.