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Franklin County, New York facts for kids

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Franklin County
Broadway Street, in Saranac Lake
Broadway Street, in Saranac Lake
Official seal of Franklin County
Seal
Map of New York highlighting Franklin County
Location within the U.S. state of New York
Map of the United States highlighting New York
New York's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  New York
Founded 1808
Named for Benjamin Franklin
Seat Malone
Largest village Malone
Area
 • Total 1,697 sq mi (4,400 km2)
 • Land 1,629 sq mi (4,220 km2)
 • Water 68 sq mi (180 km2)  4.0%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 51,599
 • Density 32/sq mi (12/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 21st

Franklin County is a county on the northern border of the U.S. state of New York. To the north across the Canada–United States border are the Canadian provinces of Quebec and Ontario, from east to west. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 51,599. Its county seat is Malone. The county is named in honor of United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin.

Franklin County comprises the Malone, NY Micropolitan Statistical Area. Much of Franklin County is within Adirondack Park. Within the border of the county is the St. Regis Mohawk Reservation, or Akwesasne in the Mohawk language. Its population was nearly 3300 in the 2010 census. The people are linked by community and history with the Mohawk of the Akwesasne reserve across the river, spanning the border of Quebec and Ontario. The Mohawk have had authority under the Jay Treaty to freely cross this international border.

History

When counties were established in New York in 1683, the present Franklin County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont. On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Charlotte County, contained the eastern portion.

In 1784, the name "Charlotte County" was changed to Washington County to honor George Washington, the American Revolutionary War general and later President of the United States of America.

In 1788, Clinton County was split off from Washington County. This was a much larger area than the present Clinton County, including several other counties or county parts of the present New York State.

Franklin County is part of Macomb's Purchase of 1791.

In 1799, Clinton County was reduced in size by the splitting off of Essex County. In 1802, Clinton County was reduced in size by a part of Clinton and two other counties being taken to form the new St. Lawrence County.

In 1808, Franklin County was split off from Clinton County.

In the late 1800s, Franklin County was home to three of the largest resort hotels in the Adirondacks, Paul Smith's Hotel, Loon Lake House, and Rainbow Inn.

The history of Franklin County is preserved at the Franklin Historical and Museum Society in Malone, New York.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,697 square miles (4,400 km2), of which 1,629 square miles (4,220 km2) is land and 68 square miles (180 km2) (4.0%) is water. It is the fourth-largest county in New York by land area. Franklin County is in the northeastern part of New York State. The northern edge is the border with Canada.

Adjacent counties and municipality

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 2,617
1820 4,439 69.6%
1830 11,312 154.8%
1840 16,518 46.0%
1850 25,102 52.0%
1860 30,837 22.8%
1870 30,271 −1.8%
1880 32,390 7.0%
1890 38,110 17.7%
1900 42,853 12.4%
1910 45,717 6.7%
1920 43,541 −4.8%
1930 45,694 4.9%
1940 44,286 −3.1%
1950 44,830 1.2%
1960 44,742 −0.2%
1970 43,931 −1.8%
1980 44,929 2.3%
1990 46,540 3.6%
2000 51,134 9.9%
2010 51,599 0.9%
2018 (est.) 50,293 −2.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the census of 2000, there were 51,134 people, 17,931 households, and 11,798 families residing in the county. The population density was 31 people per square mile (12/km2). There were 23,936 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile (6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 84.03% White, 6.63% Black or African American, 6.20% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 2.07% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. 4.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 31.0% were of French, 13.6% Irish, 10.6% American, 9.8% French Canadian, 9.2% English and 5.4% German ancestry according to Census 2000. 94.6% spoke English, 2.3% Spanish and 2.0% French as their first language.

There were 17,931 households, out of which 32.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.50% were married couples living together, 11.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.20% were non-families. 28.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 22.80% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 33.20% from 25 to 44, 21.80% from 45 to 64, and 12.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 121.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 126.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,517, and the median income for a family was $38,472. Males had a median income of $29,376 versus $22,292 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,888. About 10.10% of families and 14.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.60% of those under age 18 and 13.90% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Airports

The following public use airports are located in the county:

  • Adirondack Regional Airport (SLK) – Saranac Lake
  • Malone-Dufort Airport (MAL) – Malone

Communities

Towns

Villages

Census-designated places

Hamlets

Native reservations

  • St. Regis Mohawk Reservation

Education

Franklin County is home to North Country Community College and Paul Smith's College. North Country Community College is sponsored by and serves Franklin and Essex counties, with campuses in Saranac Lake (village) - Malone (town) and Ticonderoga.

Notable person

  • Fernando C. Beaman, US Congressman

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