Clinton County, New York facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Clinton County, New York
Seal of Clinton County, New York
Map
Map of New York highlighting Clinton County
Location in the state of New York
Map of the USA highlighting New York
New York's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1788
Seat Plattsburgh
Largest City Plattsburgh
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,118 sq mi (2,896 km²)
1,038 sq mi (2,688 km²)
80 sq mi (207 km²), 7.1%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

82,128
79/sq mi (31/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.clintoncountygov.com
Named for: George Clinton
County flag Flag of Clinton County, New York

Clinton County is a county in the state of New York, in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 82,128. Its county seat is the city of Plattsburgh. The county is named after George Clinton, the first Governor of New York who went on to become Vice President, having been a Founding Father who represented New York in the Continental Congress. The county lies to the south of the border with the Canadian province of Quebec.

Clinton County comprises the Plattsburgh, NY Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History

George Clinton, governor of New York (portrait by Ezra Ames)
George Clinton, namesake of Clinton County. First Governor of New York, Vice President under Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, and representative of New York in the Continental Congress

When counties were established in New York State in 1683, the present Clinton County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present state of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766, by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770, by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont. On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Charlotte County, contained the eastern portion.

In 1784, the name "Charlotte County" was changed to Washington County to honor George Washington, the American Revolutionary War general and later President of the United States of America.

In 1788, Clinton County was split off from Washington County. This was a much larger area than the present Clinton County, including several other counties or county parts of the present New York State.

In 1799, Essex County was split off from Clinton County.

In 1802, parts of Clinton, Herkimer, and Montgomery counties were taken to form the new St. Lawrence County.

In 1808, Franklin County was split off from Clinton County.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,118 square miles (2,900 km2), of which 1,038 square miles (2,690 km2) is land and 80 square miles (210 km2) (7.1%) is water.

Clinton County is in the northeastern part of the State of New York, west of Vermont and south of the Canadian province of Quebec. The eastern boundary of Clinton County is Lake Champlain, which serves as the New York-Vermont border. Because of this, the encompassing region is referred to as the Adirondack Coast. The Ausable River forms a large part of the south county line.

The southwest part of the county is in the Adirondack Park.

Adjacent counties and municipalities

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 1,615
1800 8,514 427.2%
1810 8,002 −6.0%
1820 12,070 50.8%
1830 19,344 60.3%
1840 28,157 45.6%
1850 40,047 42.2%
1860 45,735 14.2%
1870 47,947 4.8%
1880 50,897 6.2%
1890 46,437 −8.8%
1900 47,430 2.1%
1910 48,230 1.7%
1920 43,898 −9.0%
1930 46,687 6.4%
1940 54,006 15.7%
1950 53,622 −0.7%
1960 72,722 35.6%
1970 72,934 0.3%
1980 80,750 10.7%
1990 85,969 6.5%
2000 79,894 −7.1%
2010 82,128 2.8%
Est. 2015 81,251 −1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the census of 2000, there were 79,894 people, 29,423 households, and 19,272 families residing in the county. The population density was 77 people per square mile (30/km²). There were 33,091 housing units at an average density of 32 per square mile (12/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.33% White, 3.58% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.67% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.10% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. 2.46% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23.7% were of French, 15.0% French Canadian, 12.5% American, 11.8% Irish, 7.6% English and 5.5% German ancestry according to Census 2000. 94.1% spoke English, 2.8% French and 1.7% Spanish as their first language.

There were 29,423 households out of which 32.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.00% were married couples living together, 10.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.50% were non-families. 26.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.00% under the age of 18, 12.40% from 18 to 24, 30.60% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, and 11.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 104.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,028, and the median income for a family was $45,732. Males had a median income of $33,788 versus $25,520 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,946. About 9.40% of families and 13.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.30% of those under age 18 and 11.40% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Highways

  • Interstate 87 passes through the county and terminates at the Champlain–St. Bernard de Lacolle Border Crossing on the Canada–United States border

Airports

The following public use airports are located in the county:

  • Plattsburgh International Airport (PBG) – Plattsburgh
  • Clinton County Airport (PLB) – Plattsburgh
  • Rouses Point Seaplane Base (K21) – Rouses Point

Communities

City

Towns

Villages

Census-designated places

Hamlets


Clinton County, New York Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.