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Bombay, New York
Bombay NY.JPG
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Country United States
State New York
County Franklin
 • Type Town Council
 • Total 35.87 sq mi (92.90 km2)
 • Land 35.74 sq mi (92.57 km2)
 • Water 0.13 sq mi (0.32 km2)
207 ft (63 m)
 • Total 1,357
 • Estimate 
 • Density 36.76/sq mi (14.19/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
12914, 13655
Area code(s) 518
FIPS code 36-033-07278
GNIS feature ID 0978742

Bombay is a town in Franklin County, New York, United States. The population was 1,357 at the 2010 census. The town was named after a major port city in India, now known as Mumbai, by an early landowner whose wife was from Byculla.

Bombay is in the northwestern part of Franklin County.


Bombay is named for the wife of Michael Hogan, an Irish ship captain who grew wealthy in the East India trade. He came to the US in 1805 with his wife, who Hogan claimed was an Indian princess, and bought 20,000 acres (81 km2) north of the Adirondack Mountains, including the town of Bombay, which was named in honor of his wife's birthplace. His son, William Hogan, served as supervisor, and was elected to the New York State Assembly in 1822. In 1829 he was made a judge of the Court of Common Pleas for Franklin County, and in 1830 he was elected to Congress.

Settlement began around 1805. The region was then known as Macomb's Purchase. The town of Bombay was organized from part of the town of Fort Covington in 1833.

In 1877, the town was devastated by a plague of grasshoppers, which consumed more than half of the field crops.


The town is in northwestern Franklin County, about 5 miles (8 km) south of the Canada–United States border. The town's neighbors are the St. Regis Mohawk Reservation to the northwest, the town of Fort Covington to the northeast and east, Bangor at the southeast corner, Moira to the south, and the town of Brasher in St. Lawrence County to the west.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Bombay has a total area of 35.9 square miles (92.9 km2), of which 35.8 square miles (92.6 km2) is land and 0.12 square miles (0.3 km2), or 0.35%, is water. The St. Regis River, a tributary of the St. Lawrence River, forms the northwest border of the town. The Little Salmon River meanders from the south to the north through the central part of Bombay.

New York State Route 95 is a north/south route, linking New York State Route 37 in the north at Bradley's Corners with the town of Moira in the south, where Route 95 ends at US Route 11. New York State Route 37 is an east/west state highway through Bombay and the Mohawk Reservation, leading west to Massena and east to Fort Covington. New York State Route 37C intersects NY-37 at Hogansburg in the northwest corner of Bombay and leads south to Helena.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 1,446
1850 1,963 35.8%
1860 2,440 24.3%
1870 1,488 −39.0%
1880 1,044 −29.8%
1890 1,496 43.3%
1900 1,489 −0.5%
1910 1,339 −10.1%
1920 1,251 −6.6%
1930 1,216 −2.8%
1940 1,140 −6.2%
1950 1,102 −3.3%
1960 1,103 0.1%
1970 1,117 1.3%
1980 1,247 11.6%
1990 1,158 −7.1%
2000 1,192 2.9%
2010 1,357 13.8%
2016 (est.) 1,314 −3.2%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,192 people, 483 households, and 327 families residing in the town. The population density was 33.3 people per square mile (12.9/km2). There were 562 housing units at an average density of 15.7 per square mile (6.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 82.89% White, 0.42% African American, 14.85% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.50% from other races, and 1.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.92% of the population.

There were 483 households. Out of these, 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.0% were married couples living together, 15.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.1% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 27.6% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 24.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $28,000, and the median income for a family was $34,375. Males had a median income of $27,273 versus $26,029 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,710. About 16.4% of families and 20.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.3% of those under age 18 and 13.6% of those age 65 or over.

Communities and locations in Bombay

  • Bombay – A hamlet in the center of the town on NY-95 near the junction of County Roads 1 and 4.
  • Hogansburg – A hamlet in the northwest corner of the town at NY-37 on the bank of the St. Regis River. It was formerly called "St. Regis Mills" and "Grays Mills".
  • Pike Creek – a stream flowing north to the St. Lawrence River.
  • South Bombay – A hamlet near the south town line on County Road 32.
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