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Anantnag
Wide View of Anantnag
Wide View of Anantnag
Union territory Jammu and Kashmir
District Anantnag
Settled 5 BCE
Area
 • Total 2,917 km2 (1,126 sq mi)
Elevation
1,601 m (5,253 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total 159,838
 • Density 54.795/km2 (141.919/sq mi)
Languages
 • Regional Urdu, Kashmiri
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
Telephone code 01932
Vehicle registration JK 03
Sex ratio 1000 /927
Literacy 71.97%

Anantnag is a city and a municipality, capital of the Anantnag district in the Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir.

Anantnag is located at a distance of 53 kilometres (33 miles) from the state's capital Srinagar. It is the third largest city in Jammu and Kashmir after Srinagar and Jammu with an urban population of more than 200,000 and municipal limit population over 100,000.

The name Anantnag is thought to originate from the Sanskrit term ananta, meaning "infinite", and Kashmiri word naga, "water spring"; Anantnag would then mean "numerous springs", as there are indeed many springs in the town.

The name Islamabad is believed to have derived from the name of a Mughal governor Islam Khan who built a garden in the area.

Both names are used for the town, Anantnag being preferred by the Hindus and Sikhs and Islamabad being preferred by the Muslims. The district surrounding the town was called the Islamabad district until the 1950s.

Sites

Veeri Anantnag Road
A road through Anantnag

Lal Chowk is the city square, it is where Jawaharlal Nehru raised the Indian National Flag in 1948, as Jammu and Kashmir joined India.

Masjid Baba Dawood Khaki is among the oldest mosques in the city, being built around 1400 CE.

The Martand temple is one of the important archaeological sites of Kashmir. It was built around 500 CE. This temple has the typical Aryan structure as was present in Aryan Kashmir. The Martand temple is situated at Kehribal.

Economy

The Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh dedicated the New Rail Line in the valley between Anantnag-Srinagar-Rajwansher to the Nation, at Srinagar on October 11, 2008 (1)
The Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh at the dedication for the New Rail Line in 2008

In 2010 Anantnag was declared as major City of Export excellence This is due to the centralized position and presence of high concentration of troops and migrant laborers in it.

Anantnag has a good position lying on the main North-South Corridor Road, and with the highest number of tourist destinations it an economic hub of Kashmir Valley.

The city suffered heavily during conflict times of the 1990s; many roads, bridges, and government buildings were reduced to ash. But in the 2000s, it made a quick recovery. It has been listed among 100 fastest economically developing cities.

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