Antimony trifluoride facts for kids

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Antimony trifluoride
Antimony trifluoride

Antimony trifluoride, also known as antimony(III) fluoride or Swart's reagent, is a chemical compound. Its chemical formula is SbF3. It has antimony and fluoride ions in it. The antimony is in its +3 oxidation state.

Properties

Antimony trifluoride is a light gray solid. It dissolves easily in water. It is very corrosive. It has a strong odor.

Preparation

It is made by reacting antimony trioxide with concentrated hydrofluoric acid or by reacting antimony with a little fluorine.

Uses

It is used to add fluoride ions to other chemical compounds in organic chemistry. A Belgian chemist reacted a chloride with antimony trifluoride and chlorine to make a fluoride from the chloride. It was used to make Freon. It is also used in pottery and dyeing.

Safety

Antimony trifluoride is highly corrosive. It is acidic and can burn the digestive system. It also makes ulcers.

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Antimony trifluoride Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.