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Atoka, Tennessee
Town
Town of Atoka Sign, Atoka, Tennessee.JPG
Location in Tipton County and the state of Tennessee.
Location in Tipton County and the state of Tennessee.
Country  United States
State  Tennessee
County Tipton
Incorporated 1838
Area
 • Total 11.65 sq mi (17.3 km2)
 • Land 11.64 sq mi (17.3 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 433 ft (132 m)
Population (2013)
 • Total 8,844
 • Density 485.0/sq mi (187.3/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 38004
Area code(s) 901
FIPS code 47-02340
GNIS feature ID 1275973
Website www.townofatoka.com

Atoka /ə.ˈt.kə/ is a town in Tipton County, Tennessee, United States. Historians and genealogists can trace Atoka's origins back to the 1838 charter of Portersville. Atoka adopted Portersville's charter as its own. World War I Medal of Honor recipient Sgt. Joseph B. Adkison lived in Atoka, and he is buried nearby.

Five public parks exist within the town limits. The population was 8,387 at the 2010 census, making Atoka the second largest municipality in Tipton County. The town has grown significantly since the 1990 census, at which time the population was only 659. Covington, the county seat, has the largest population.

History

Origins

From the fiftieth anniversary of the Covington Leader, 1886 to 1936:

The trading center for the Atoka area before the rise of the town was Portersville...
With the coming of the railroad in 1872 and opening of stores in Atoka, there grew up an intense rivalry between the two towns, but Atoka's advantage of the railroad proved to be too much, and Portersville gradually died out. Today not a store or store building remains in Portersville and it passes into history...

A peek into the life of John McLaughlin, a citizen of both towns, gives us some idea of what Portersville and Atoka were like:

Our subject received a collegiate education at Bellenyna College, Ireland and in 1852 came to America, landing at Charleston, S. C.; then immediately went to Chester, S. C., and spent three years learning the carriage-maker's trade, when he moved to Aberdeen, Miss., and established a factory of his own, and three years later moved to Portersville, Tipton County, and continued the business five years, then went into merchandising and farming, selling goods at Portersville two years, then moved to Atoka and continued the mercantile business over ten years, and since that time has given his attention exclusively to farming and running a steam cotton-gin, which he owns.

Town charter

See also: Charter and Territorial evolution of the United States

Town of Atoka, Tennessee, current charter information

August 17, 2012 - AN ACT to amend Chapter 373, of the Private Acts of 1911
1911 Charter with amendments from 2006, 1977, 1973, and 1969

Private Acts of the State of Tennessee Passed by the General Assembly, 1911

June 24, 1911 - Atoka reincorporated

Acts of the State of Tennessee Passed at the General Assembly, 1883

March 19, 1883 - corporation of the town of Atoka repealed
United States 1876-1884
United States 1876-1884
March 24, 1875 - name of Portersville changed to Atoka
United States 1868-1876
United States 1868-1876
January 17, 1838 - Portersville incorporated
United States 1837-03-1838
Map of the states and territories of the United States as it was from March 1837 to 1838.
June 1, 1796 - The Southwest Territory was admitted as the 16th state, Tennessee.

Parks, greenway, and recreational facilities

See also: Park, Greenway (landscape), and Recreation

Atoka has five city parks: Adkison Park, Atoka Greenway Trail, Nancy Lane Park, Pioneer Park, and Walker Park. Each park has its own history and distinctive recreational facilities.

Adkison Park

Atoka's first park, Adkison Park, was established as a project for the Tennessee Homecoming '86 celebration. It is just over an acre in size. It has a 1/8th mile asphalt lighted walking track, a playground feature shaped like a train, picnic tables, benches, and a memorial plaza area. The memorial plaza area is a memorial area dedicated to the memory of Seargent Joseph B. Adkison. The Bobby McDill Scout Hut, home base of Boy Scouts of America Troop 60 of Atoka, is located within Adkison Park.

Atoka Greenway Trail

The Atoka Greenway Trail is a planned connection between Walker Park and Pioneer Park. "On June 25, 2013, Governor Bill Haslam announced that Atoka had received a $400,000 Transportation Alternatives grant to fund Phase I of the Atoka Greenway Trail project."

Nancy Lane Park

Nancy Lane Park is nearly 42 acres in size. It is named in honor of long-time Atoka resident, Alderman, and dedicated park supporter Nancy Lane. It has a full size caboose, a wooded nature trail, a large playground, pavilions, picnic tables, an 18-hole disc golf course, a 4 diamond softball complex with a concession stand, and restrooms. Nancy Lane Park is the home of the Atoka Dixie Youth Softball program and served as host for the 2014 Dixie Youth Softball World Series.

Pioneer Park

Pioneer park is more than 6.5 acres. It has a 1/3 mile lighted walking track, a playground, picnic tables, and a fishing pond with a fountain. "A nearly 2 acre pond with fountain feature is the central focus of the park, with the walking trail ringing the pond."

Walker Park

Walker Park is more than 60 acres. It is named in honor of long-time Mayor Charles Walker. It has restrooms, a 1.15 mile walking track, a playground, pavilions, picnic tables, concession stand, splash pad, lighted athletic field, and sand volleyball courts.

Geography

See also: List of states and territories of the United States, U.S. state, Grand Divisions of Tennessee, and Geography of the United States

The town of Atoka is located at 35°25′29″N 89°46′58″W / 35.42472°N 89.78278°W / 35.42472; -89.78278 (35.424740, -89.782652). According to the United States Census Bureau, in 2010 the municipality had a total area of 12.36 square miles (32.0 km2). The total area of land was 12.33 square miles (31.9 km2) and the total of water was .03 square miles (0.078 km2).

Tipton County Tennessee incorporated and unincorporated areas Atoka highlighted
Atoka, Tennessee within Tipton County

Atoka, Tennessee is located in Tipton County, Tennessee. The County south of Tipton County is Shelby County where the city of Memphis, Tennessee is located. Tipton County is located in the Tennessee Grand Division of West Tennessee. The map of the United States gives a view of where Tennessee is located within the contiguous United States.

Map of West Tennessee counties
Map of West Tennessee counties
Map of USA TN
Location of Tennessee within contiguous United States

The Mississippi River defines the western border of the state of Tennessee. The Tennessee counties that have the Mississippi River as their western boundary are Shelby, Tipton, Lauderdale, Dyer, and Lake Counties. Atoka is located just east of the Mississippi River

Mississippi River Watershed Map
Mississippi River Watershed Map

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 245
1930 222 −9.4%
1940 255 14.9%
1950 334 31.0%
1960 357 6.9%
1970 446 24.9%
1980 691 54.9%
1990 659 −4.6%
2000 3,235 390.9%
2010 8,387 159.3%
Est. 2015 9,064 8.1%
Sources:

As of the census of 2000, there were 3,235 people, 1,075 households, and 935 families residing in the town. The population density was 485.0 people per square mile (187.3/km²). There were 1,145 housing units at an average density of 171.7 per square mile (66.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 87.88% White, 9.30% African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.31% from other races, and 1.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.10% of the population.

There were 1,075 households out of which 49.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 75.6% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.0% were non-families. 11.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.01 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the town, the population was spread out with 31.9% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 35.8% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 5.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 102.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $58,583, and the median income for a family was $61,643. Males had a median income of $38,721 versus $24,487 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,644. About 3.0% of families and 4.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.1% of those under age 18 and 3.7% of those age 65 or over.


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