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Avoca Beach
Central CoastNew South Wales
Avoca Beach, as seen from the Skillion
Avoca Beach, as seen from the Skillion
Population 4,319 (2011 census)
 • Density 1,080/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
Postcode(s) 2251
Area 4.0 km2 (1.5 sq mi)
Location
LGA(s) Central Coast Council
Parish Kincumber
State electorate(s) Terrigal
Federal Division(s) Robertson
Suburbs around Avoca Beach:
Picketts Valley Terrigal North Avoca
Kincumber Avoca Beach Tasman Sea
Kincumber Kincumber Copacabana

Avoca Beach is a coastal suburb of the Central Coast region of New South Wales, Australia, about 95 kilometres (59 mi) north of Sydney. Avoca Beach is primarily a residential suburb but also a popular tourist destination. Avoca Beach village has a variety of restaurants and cafes as well as a post office, newsagent, pharmacy and mini-mart. Avoca Beach also has a historic cinema, a hotel, bowling club, motel and caravan park. It is located within the Central Coast Council local government area.

Geography

Avoca Beach is located on the Tasman Sea 17 kilometres (11 mi) east-southeast of the Gosford central business district, and about halfway between Newcastle and Sydney, being about 95 kilometres (59 mi) from each. It is bordered to the north by the Bulbararing Lagoon, to the west by Saltwater Creek and to the east by the ocean.

History

The area was originally inhabited by the Awabakal Aboriginal people. "Avoca" is an Irish name meaning "great estuary" or "where the river meets the sea", and is also the name of a town in County Wicklow, Ireland.

On 4 January 1830, 640 acres (259 ha) of land in the area were promised to Irish army officer John Moore. However, the official deeds were not issued until 30 September 1839, due to the difficulty in surveying the land. He built a house opposite Bulbararing Lake (now known as Avoca Lake) and planted vines, cereals and fruit trees. He left the area in 1857 for the Victorian goldfields. In the late 19th century, Tom Davis leased the area in order to exploit local timber, which was transported by tram to a mill at Terrigal via what is now Tramway Road in North Avoca.

Gosford - Avoca Beach (3527203790)
Avoca Beach in the 1950s

Residential development in Avoca Beach began during the 20th century, and the area subsequently became a popular holiday retreat with wealthy residents of Sydney's North Shore.

A rich history exists in the community groups in this small village with the Avoca Beach Rural Fire Brigade operating since the 1940s, Avoca Beach Surf Life Saving Club (1929) and the 1st Avoca Beach Surf Cub Scouts being very active in the area.

In February 2010, following the proposal to scuttle the frigate HMAS Adelaide off the beach as a dive wreck in late March, a resident action group was formed to protest against this.

Demographics

At the ABS 2006 census, Avoca Beach had a population of 4,196 people. This was an increase of 106 people from the 2001 census.

Avoca Beach residents had a median age of 38, compared to the Central Coast average of 40. Median individual incomes in Avoca Beach were above average for the region — $515 per week compared with $407 per week. The 2006 Census reported 1,513 occupied private dwellings, of which 7.8% were non-permanent (caravans, cabins and houseboats), and the median monthly housing loan repayment of $1,720 was well above the regional average of $1,500. In the year to July 2007, Avoca Beach's median house price was $571,250 versus $350,000 for the Central Coast region. In 2008, Avoca Beach was listed as the fourth most expensive place to live in New South Wales, and the sixteenth most expensive in Australia, based on the sale of units that year.

The population of Avoca Beach is predominantly Australian-born, with some 80.5% of its residents being born in Australia as at the 2006 census. The second most prevalent birthplace was the United Kingdom at 7.36%, followed by New Zealand, South Africa and Germany. The most popular religious affiliations in descending order in the 2006 census were Roman Catholic, Anglican, no religion, Uniting.

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