Avro Vulcan facts for kids
|A Vulcan B.2 of the RAF, 1985|
|National origin||United Kingdom|
Hawker Siddeley Aviation
|First flight||30 August 1952|
|Retired||March 1984 (Royal Air Force)
October 2015 (XH558)
|Primary user||Royal Air Force|
|Number built||136 (including prototypes)|
|Unit cost||£750,000 (1956)|
The Avro Vulcan (also Avro 698 Vulcan) is a delta wing bomber aircraft. It was part of the RAF V bombers which were used by the Royal Air Force as a nuclear deterrent during the Cold War. The other aircraft in the V bombers were the Vickers and Valiant. The Vulcan was also used for long-distance bombing runs during the Falklands War.
In 1947, the United Kingdom's Ministry of Defence said it needed a bomber aircraft that could fly a long way and very high. It also needed to carry a lot of bombs. The prototype Vulcan flew in 1948. It crashed in 1949, but development carried on. Over 100 aircraft were built between 1956 and 1965.
The crew of the Vulcan was made up of five people – two pilots, two navigators and one electronics officer. The Vulcan was originally used as part of the United Kingdom's nuclear deterrent. It carried the United Kingdom's first nuclear weapon, called Blue Danube.
Technical data (Vulcan B Mk.2)
|Years of production||1956-1965|
|Wing area||368,20 m²|
|Weight (empty)||- kg|
|Max takeoff weight||113.398 kg|
|Service ceiling||19.810 m|
|Powerplants||4*Rolls-Royce Olympus 301 turbine|
Images for kids
Silhouettes of an early Avro 698 concept and the cancelled Avro 710
The prototype Vulcans (VX777 front, VX770 rear) with four Avro 707s at the Farnborough Air Show in September 1953. The large delta wings of the Vulcan quickly gave it the affectionate nickname of 'Tin Triangle'.
Vulcan XM597 at the National Museum of Flight, Scotland; note the Operation Black Buck markings and the small Brazilian flag indicating the aircraft's internment in Brazil.
Avro Vulcan Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.