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Béla Guttmann
Béla Guttmann (1925).jpg
as player of Hakoah Vienna
Personal information
Date of birth (1899-01-27)27 January 1899
Place of birth Budapest, Austria-Hungary
Date of death 28 August 1981(1981-08-28) (aged 82)
Place of death Vienna, Austria
Playing position Centre-half
Youth career
1917–1919 Törekvés
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1919–1921 MTK Hungária FC
1922–1926 SC Hakoah Wien 96 (8)
1926 Brooklyn Wanderers
1926–1929 New York Giants 83 (2)
1929–1930 New York Hakoah 21 (0)
1930 New York Soccer Club 22 (0)
1931–1932 Hakoah All-Stars 50 (0)
1932–1933 SC Hakoah Wien 4 (0)
National team
1921–1924 Hungary 4 (1)
Teams managed
1933–1935 SC Hakoah Wien
1935–1937 SC Enschede
1937–1938 SC Hakoah Wien
1938–1939 Újpest FC
1945 Vasas SC
1946 Ciocanul Bucharest
1947 Újpest FC
1947–1948 Kispest A.C.
1949–1950 Calcio Padova
1950– 1951 U.S. Triestina Calcio
1953 Quilmes
1953 APOEL
1953–1955 Milan
1955–1956 Lanerossi Vicenza
1956–1957 Honvéd
1957–1958 São Paulo
1958–1959 Porto
1959–1962 Benfica
1962 C.A. Peñarol
1964 Austria
1965–1966 Benfica
1966–1967 Servette FC
1967 Panathinaikos
1973 Austria Wien
1973 Porto
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only and correct as of 10 March 2006.

† Appearances (Goals).

‡ National team caps and goals correct as of 10 March 2006

Béla Guttmann (27 January 1899 – 28 August 1981) was a Hungarian footballer and coach of Jewish origin. His playing position was midfielder.

Career

Player

He started his career with the MTK Hungária FC team of the early 1920s. He won the championship in 1920 and 1921. In 1922 he went to Vienna to escape the antisemitism of the Hungarian regime. There he played for SC Hakoah Wien. In 1925 he won another league title when Hakoah won the Austrian League. In April 1926 the SC Hakoah Wien team sailed to New York to play against different American teams. He stayed in the USA and played for the Brooklyn Wanderers, New York Giants, New York Hakoah, New York Soccer Club and the Hakoah All-Stars.

As player he had 6 matches with the Hungarian national football team and scored one goal there.

Coach

Guttmann returned to Europe in 1932. He coached teams in Austria, The Netherlands and Hungary . (SC Hakoah Wien, SC Enschede) He had his first success with Újpest FC in the 1938–39 season. He won the Hungarian League and the Mitropa Cup. How Guttman spent the war years in unclear. Guttmann himself is said to have escaped to Switzerland where he was interned. The years after the Second World War he spent as coach in Italy, South America and Portugal.(São Paulo FC, AC Milan, Benfica Lisabon and others).

Together with Márton Bukovi and Gusztáv Sebes, Guttmann formed a triumvirate of Hungarian coaches who pioneered the 4–2–4 formation. Guttman is also credited with mentoring Eusébio. He was as player and coach always good for controversy. Some people compare his self-confidence with José Mourinho.

Honours

Player

MTK Hungária FC

  • Hungarian League: 2
    • 1919–20, 1920–21

SC Hakoah Wien

New York Hakoah

  • U.S. Open Cup: 1
    • 1929

Manager

Újpest FC/Újpesti TE

  • Hungarian League: 2
    • 1938–39, 1946–47
  • Mitropa Cup: 1
    • 1939

São Paulo

  • São Paulo State Champions: 1
    • 1957

Porto

Benfica



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