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Barneveld, Wisconsin
Village
Location of Barneveld in Iowa County, Wisconsin.
Location of Barneveld in Iowa County, Wisconsin.
Country  United States
State  Wisconsin
County Iowa
Area
 • Total 1.92 sq mi (4.97 km2)
 • Land 1.92 sq mi (4.97 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
1,227 ft (374 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 1,231
 • Estimate 
(2019)
1,251
 • Density 652.24/sq mi (251.86/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
Area code(s) 608
FIPS code 55-04775
GNIS feature ID 1561183

Barneveld is a village in Iowa County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 1,231 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Madison Metropolitan Statistical Area.

The community was named after John of Barneveld of the Netherlands.

Geography

Barneveld is located at 43°0′51″N 89°53′44″W / 43.01417°N 89.89556°W / 43.01417; -89.89556 (43.014223, -89.895551).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.94 square miles (5.02 km2), all of it land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 317
1920 289 −8.8%
1930 301 4.2%
1940 358 18.9%
1950 373 4.2%
1960 420 12.6%
1970 528 25.7%
1980 579 9.7%
1990 660 14.0%
2000 1,088 64.8%
2010 1,231 13.1%
2019 (est.) 1,251 1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,231 people, 457 households, and 331 families living in the village. The population density was 634.5 inhabitants per square mile (245.0/km2). There were 477 housing units at an average density of 245.9 per square mile (94.9/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 98.2% White, 0.7% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, and 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.2% of the population.

There were 457 households, of which 43.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.2% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 27.6% were non-families. 22.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.16.

The median age in the village was 32.4 years. 30.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 34.2% were from 25 to 44; 21.5% were from 45 to 64; and 8.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 49.1% male and 50.9% female.

1984 F5 Tornado

At 12:41 AM CDT on June 8, 1984, a powerful tornado tore through Barneveld. It was part of a large outbreak of storms that started the evening before with tornadoes also touching down in Kansas, Missouri, Iowa, and Minnesota. Although a tornado watch had been issued late on the night of June 7, most residents were unaware that a storm was approaching until they were awakened by a lightning strike and an instanteous clap of thunder just before 12:41 AM CDT. The 0.4-mile (0.60-km) wide tornado caused F5 damage, the highest level on the Fujita scale. Two hundred of the village's 584 residents were injured and nine were killed. Seventeen of the 18 businesses in Barneveld were destroyed, including all the government offices, the fire station, library, and post office. The town's three churches were all flattened: the Congregational United Church of Christ, pastor Rev. Jann Cather Weaver, the Lutheran Church, pastor Rev. Robert Twiton, and the Roman Catholic Church. The Congregational UCC church also lost its parsonage. In all, about 170 of the village's 225 commercial, agricultural, and residential buildings were either destroyed instantly or damaged seriously enough that they were unable to be rebuilt. The only remaining and largely undamaged structure was the water tower, which had to be repaired and repainted. Damage to the village of Barneveld was estimated at $25 million with damage to the surrounding area put at about $40 million. Rebuilding began immediately, and by 2000, the population of Barneveld was almost exactly double what it was at the time the tornado nearly destroyed the town. The thunderstorm that created the tornado also put on one of the brightest lightning shows in recorded history, generating 200 strikes per minute.

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