Barona Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Barona Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians
Bandera Ranxeria barona.PNG
Tribal flag
Total population
490
Regions with significant populations
United States United States California (California)
Languages
Ipai, Tipai, English
Religion
Traditional tribal religion,
Christianity (Roman Catholicism)
Related ethnic groups
other Kumeyaay tribes, Cocopa,
Quechan, Paipai, and Kiliwa
Barona Reservation
Reservation
Flag of Barona Reservation
Flag
Country United States
State California
Area
 • Total Expression error: Unexpected < operator. sq mi (Expression error: Unexpected < operator. km2)
Population (1973)
 • Total 125

The Barona Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the Barona Reservation is a federally recognized tribe of Kumeyaay Indians, who are sometimes known as Mission Indians.

Reservations

In 1875, the tribe along with the Viejas Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians, controls the Capitan Grande Reservation, which consisted of barren, uninhabitable mountain lands. The El Capitan Reservoir, forcibly purchased from the two tribes to provide water for San Diego, submerged what habitable land existed on the reservation. The two tribes jointly control this reservation. It is undeveloped but serves as an ecological preserve.

The Barona Reservation (32°57′19″N 116°50′39″W / 32.95528°N 116.84417°W / 32.95528; -116.84417) is a federal Indian reservation located in San Diego County, California, near Lakeside and the Cleveland National Forest. It takes its name from the Mexican land grant Cañada de San Vicente y Mesa del Padre Barona, named in turn after Padre José Barona, a friar at Mission San Diego de Alcalá from 1798 until he transferred to Mission San Juan Capistrano in 1811. Founded in 1932, the reservation covers 5,181 acres (20.97 km2). Much of the highland valley has good farmland, the reservation hosts several ranches, a chapel, tribal offices, community center, and ball park, created by the tribe. In 1973, 125 of the 156 enrolled members lived on the reservation. The nearest community is San Diego Country Estates, which adjoins the reservation's northeast side.

Economic development

The tribe owns and operates the Barona Resort and Casino, AmBience Day Spa, Barona Creek Golf Club, Barona Steakhouse, Sage Café, Seasons Fresh Buffet, HoWan Noodle Shop, and several other restaurants, all in Lakeside.


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