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Bay Springs, Mississippi
Location of Bay Springs, Mississippi
Location of Bay Springs, Mississippi
Country United States
State Mississippi
County Jasper
Area
 • Total 14.8 sq mi (38.3 km2)
 • Land 14.8 sq mi (38.3 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation
423 ft (129 m)
Population
 (2000)
 • Total 2,097
 • Density 142.0/sq mi (54.8/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
39422
Area code(s) 601
FIPS code 28-04060
GNIS feature ID 0666590

Bay Springs is a city in and the western county seat of Jasper County, Mississippi. The population was 1,786 at the 2010 census. State highways 15 and 18 intersect at the city. It is part of the Laurel, Mississippi (in Jones County) micropolitan area.

This area was settled in the 1880s by Joe Blankenship, who built the sawmill for the yellow pine timber industry that comprised the town's industrial base. The city was incorporated about twenty years later after railroads were constructed through it. That access attracted other industry and business, and the city was designated as the second county seat. Its population has declined slightly since 2000.

Geography

Bay Springs is located at 31°58′36″N 89°16′46″W / 31.97667°N 89.27944°W / 31.97667; -89.27944 (31.976761, -89.279574).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 38.4 km² (14.8 mi²), of which 38.3 km² (14.8 mi²) is land and 0.1 km² (0.04 mi²) (0.20%) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 836
1920 861 3.0%
1930 927 7.7%
1940 1,228 32.5%
1950 1,302 6.0%
1960 1,544 18.6%
1970 1,801 16.6%
1980 1,884 4.6%
1990 1,729 −8.2%
2000 2,097 21.3%
2010 1,786 −14.8%
Est. 2015 1,738 −2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,097 people, 793 households, and 524 families residing in the city. The population density was 54.8/km² (142.0/mi²). There were 880 housing units at an average density of 23.0/km² (59.6/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 50.02% White, 49.64% African American, 0.05% from other races, and 0.29% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.57% of the population.

There were 793 households out of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.9% were married couples living together, 20.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.8% were non-families. 32.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the city, the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 23.1% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 20.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 77.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $22,895, and the median income for a family was $30,938. Males had a median income of $31,806 versus $19,091 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,199. About 26.0% of families and 28.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.5% of those under age 18 and 33.1% of those age 65 or over.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Bay Springs has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

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