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Belleville, Michigan
City of Belleville
Welcome to Belleville Sign
Welcome to Belleville Sign
Flag of Belleville, Michigan
Official seal of Belleville, Michigan
"Quality Living"
Location within Wayne County
Location within Wayne County
Belleville, Michigan is located in Michigan
Belleville, Michigan
Belleville, Michigan
Location in Michigan
Belleville, Michigan is located in the United States
Belleville, Michigan
Belleville, Michigan
Location in the United States
Country United States
State Michigan
County Wayne
Platted 1847
Incorporated 1905 (village)
1946 (city)
 • Type Council–manager
 • City 1.18 sq mi (3.07 km2)
 • Land 1.13 sq mi (2.93 km2)
 • Water 0.05 sq mi (0.14 km2)
673 ft (205 m)
 • City 3,991
 • Estimate 
 • Density 3,441.70/sq mi (1,328.54/km2)
 • Metro
4,285,832 (Metro Detroit)
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code(s)
48111, 48112
Area code(s) 734
FIPS code 26-07020
GNIS feature ID 0621058

Belleville is a city in Wayne County in the U.S. state Michigan. The population was 3,991 at the 2010 census.

As a western suburb of Metro Detroit, Belleville is 18 miles (29 km) southeast of Ann Arbor and 20 miles (32 km) southwest of Detroit. Belleville is located just south of Interstate 94 and is surrounded by Van Buren Township. Belleville Lake is the principal geographic feature, and the city is also home to the National Strawberry Festival.


Belleville Michigan Bridge from Doane's Landing
Belleville Bridge from Doane's Landing

The community was named in honor of landowner James Bell by adroitly choosing the French word for "beautiful town". The hamlet was platted in 1847 with the main thoroughfares still used today designated Main, Liberty, and High Street. About 1881, the Belleville depot on the Detroit line of the Wabash Railroad began serving travelers from across the region and the country.

Belleville was established as a village in 1905, when its governance separated from Van Buren Township by an act of the State Legislature. Located on the Huron River which was a natural trade route, the village had long been a thriving center for lumber businesses with saw mills located along the shores of the river. The large expanses of woodlands were removed to make way for farmland, industry and increasing population.

To generate more electrical power in the region, in early 1926 the Detroit Edison Company built the French Landing Dam on the river east of Belleville, thereby creating Belleville Lake. Belleville Lake is the largest inland lake in Wayne County, stretching 6 miles and covering 1,200 acres. The traditional downtown is nestled on the southern shore of Belleville Lake. Belleville achieved city status on 14 May 1946.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.20 square miles (3.11 km2), of which 1.14 square miles (2.95 km2) is land and 0.06 square miles (0.16 km2) is water. Edison Lake (the proper name of Belleville Lake) was created by damming up the Huron River in two places. The Huron River flows into Lake Erie.

Skyline from Columbia Court


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 314
1890 367 16.9%
1910 486
1920 626 28.8%
1930 758 21.1%
1940 1,286 69.7%
1950 1,722 33.9%
1960 1,921 11.6%
1970 2,406 25.2%
1980 3,366 39.9%
1990 3,270 −2.9%
2000 3,997 22.2%
2010 3,991 −0.2%
2019 (est.) 3,896 −2.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
2012 Estimate

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 3,991 people, 1,755 households, and 1,005 families living in the city. The population density was 3,500.9 inhabitants per square mile (1,351.7/km2). There were 1,965 housing units at an average density of 1,723.7 per square mile (665.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 80.6% White, 14.1% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 1.0% from other races, and 3.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.8% of the population.

There were 1,755 households, of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.8% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.7% were non-families. 36.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.95.

The median age in the city was 40 years. 21.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.4% were from 25 to 44; 28.2% were from 45 to 64; and 14.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.7% male and 53.3% female.

Arts and culture


Belleville National Strawberry Festival - Main Street from Ferris Wheel
Main street on the first day of the Belleville National Strawberry Festival from the Ferris wheel

Belleville hosts an annual festival, called the National Strawberry Festival. The Strawberry Festival generates considerable media coverage. People from all over Wayne County come to celebrate Belleville's economic supporter, the strawberry.

Points of interest

In the 1930s, Belleville had a reputation as a resort community where the wealthy of Detroit maintained getaway estates. Henry Ford and Charles Lindbergh once owned summer cottages on Belleville Lake, in the neighborhood of Harmony Lane.


The city has been called the birthplace of techno music, namely having been home to Derrick May, Juan Atkins and Kevin Saunderson, commonly known as the Belleville Three, who were instrumental in its creation.

During Belleville's annual Strawberry Festival, bands from all around perform in the downtown and make it a very large cultural exchange area.

The Belleville High School Marching Band is large with almost 300 members on the field at one time. There are over 300 people in the band program, which includes Freshmen Band, two Concert Bands, a Symphony Band and a Jazz Band. The Symphony Band has received various national honors, and performs at a consistently advanced level, especially for a high school ensemble.

Points of interest

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