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Bison, Kansas
Location within Rush County and Kansas
Location within Rush County and Kansas
KDOT map of Rush County (legend)
Country United States
State Kansas
County Rush
Founded 1880s
Platted 1888
Incorporated 1912
Named for American bison
 • Total 0.27 sq mi (0.69 km2)
 • Land 0.27 sq mi (0.69 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
2,011 ft (613 m)
 • Total 179
 • Density 663/sq mi (259.4/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code 785
FIPS code 20-06950
GNIS ID 475494

Bison is a city in Rush County, Kansas, United States. It was named for the native large ungulate of the region. As of the 2020 census, the population of the city was 179.


Bison was platted in 1888 by the railroad. It was named for the American bison, which once grazed there.

Bison was a station on the Missouri Pacific Railroad.

The first post office in Bison was established in May 1888.


Bison is located at 38°31′15″N 99°11′51″W / 38.52083°N 99.19750°W / 38.52083; -99.19750 (38.520718, -99.197528). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.26 square miles (0.67 km2), all of it land.


The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Bison has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 357
1930 397 11.2%
1940 366 −7.8%
1950 326 −10.9%
1960 291 −10.7%
1970 285 −2.1%
1980 279 −2.1%
1990 252 −9.7%
2000 235 −6.7%
2010 255 8.5%
2020 179 −29.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 255 people, 104 households, and 72 families residing in the city. The population density was 980.8 inhabitants per square mile (378.7/km2). There were 118 housing units at an average density of 453.8 per square mile (175.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.6% White, 0.8% Native American, 0.4% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.4% of the population.

There were 104 households, of which 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.7% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 30.8% were non-families. 20.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.85.

The median age in the city was 40.9 years. 23.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.8% were from 25 to 44; 34.5% were from 45 to 64; and 11.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.2% male and 51.8% female.


The community is served by Otis–Bison USD 403 public school district. School unification consolidated Bison and Otis schools forming USD 403. The Otis-Bison High School mascot is Cougars.

Bison schools were closed through school unification. The Bison High School mascot was Buffaloes.

See also

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