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Brewer, Maine
City of Brewer
Brewer ME.JPG
Official seal of Brewer, Maine
"A Community of Caring"
Brewer, Maine is located in Maine
Brewer, Maine
Brewer, Maine
Location in Maine
Country United States
State Maine
County Penobscot
Settled 1777
Incorporated (town) February 22, 1812
Incorporated (city) March 30, 1889
 • Type Mayor-council government
 • Total 15.68 sq mi (40.62 km2)
 • Land 15.24 sq mi (39.47 km2)
 • Water 0.45 sq mi (1.16 km2)  2.87%
49 ft (15 m)
 • Total 9,672
 • Density 634.73/sq mi (245.07/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Code
Area code(s) 207
FIPS code 23-06925
GNIS feature ID 0562936

Brewer is a city in Penobscot County, Maine, United States. It is part of the Bangor, Maine Metropolitan Statistical Area. The city is named after its first settler, Colonel John Brewer. The population was 9,672 at the 2020 census.

Brewer is the sister city of Bangor. The two are at the head of navigation on opposite sides of the Penobscot River estuary and are connected by three bridges. Brewer and Bangor were originally both part of Condeskeag Plantation, though the Brewer part was also called "New Worcester" after John Brewer's birthplace. In 1788 Orrington, Maine was incorporated with Brewer/New Worcester as its major village. The other half of kenduskeag incorporated in 1791 as Bangor. Finally, in 1812 Brewer broke away from Orrington and incorporated as a separate town.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.68 square miles (40.61 km2), of which, 15.23 square miles (39.45 km2) is land and 0.45 square miles (1.17 km2) is water.

The villages of South Brewer and North Brewer are both within city limits. South Brewer was formerly the city's major industrial area.


This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Brewer has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.

Historic buildings

The Victorian-style Daniel Sargent House (1847 and later) in South Brewer is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Sargent was the owner of a large South Brewer sawmill. During the Civil War, he commanded the company of "Tigers" (Penobscot River Drivers) in the 2nd Maine Volunteer Infantry Regiment, also called "The Bangor Regiment". This was the first unit to march out of the state in 1861, and participated in 11 battles over two years. Sargent was eventually promoted to Lt. Col., or second in-command of the regiment.

First Congregational Church

The city's most imposing architectural landmark is the shingle style First Congregational Church, which stands on a bluff above the river overlooking Bangor.

Historic industries

Brewer was as famous for brick-making in the 19th century as Bangor was for lumber. By the 1850s there were 12-15 brickyards in Brewer making 12 million bricks annually. Most of these were shipped to Boston and vicinity. It is said that most of the Back Bay and South End neighborhoods of Boston are built of Brewer brick. Frank O. Farrington of Brewer patented a machine for edging and turning bricks in 1859.

Ship-building was also a major Brewer industry, as was saw-milling. Brewer's sawmills tended to be steam-powered, unlike those farther up the Penobscot River, which were powered by waterfalls. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the city also had a significant ice industry, which survives today in the form of the Getchell Brothers company.

The Eastern Manufacturing Company opened a pulp and paper mill in South Brewer in 1889 that became the city's largest employer. The mill closed in 2004, and the site has now been re-developed by the Cianbro Corporation. The Eastern began as a sawmill owned by Fred W. Ayer, who in the late 1880s began experimenting with paper-making (using the newly developed sulfite process) in order to utilize his left-over slab lumber. In 1899, Ayer patented a new method of sulfite digestion which subsequently became the basis for operations at the Eastern, as well as the Great Northern mill in Millinocket, Maine, thus circumventing an important patent owned by the competing International Paper Corporation. "The Eastern", as the mill was known locally, began specializing in fine grades of paper around 1905 (such as their trademark "Atlantic Bond"), and the company was eventually renamed Eastern Fine Paper, Inc..

Notable people

Chamberlain Memorial
Chamberlain Memorial in Brewer
  • Gen. John Blake, U.S. Army officer, led militia in the Battle of Hampden (1814) during the War of 1812
  • Joseph E. Brooks, state legislator and journalist
  • Maj. Gen. Joshua Chamberlain, educator, Civil War hero and 32nd Governor of Maine
  • Sean Danielsen, lead vocalist and guitarist of the band Smile Empty Soul
  • Howie Day, singer-musician, raised in Brewer, graduated from Brewer High School (1999)
  • Charles Fletcher Dole, influential Unitarian minister, speaker and writer
  • Fannie Hardy Eckstorm, author, ornithologist, folklorist and researcher on psychic phenomena
  • Oliver C. Farrington, noted geologist and meteorite expert at the Field Museum of Natural History in Chicago
  • Kenneth P. MacLeod, President of the Maine Senate
  • William E. Quinby, editor of the Detroit Free Press, United States Ambassador to the Netherlands


Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 744
1830 1,078 44.9%
1840 1,736 61.0%
1850 2,628 51.4%
1860 2,835 7.9%
1870 3,214 13.4%
1880 3,170 −1.4%
1890 4,193 32.3%
1900 4,835 15.3%
1910 5,667 17.2%
1920 6,064 7.0%
1930 6,329 4.4%
1940 6,510 2.9%
1950 6,862 5.4%
1960 9,009 31.3%
1970 9,300 3.2%
1980 9,017 −3.0%
1990 9,021 0.0%
2000 8,987 −0.4%
2010 9,482 5.5%
2020 9,672 2.0%

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 9,482 people, 4,163 households, and 2,448 families living in the city. The population density was 622.6 inhabitants per square mile (240.4/km2). There were 4,457 housing units at an average density of 292.6 per square mile (113.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.4% White, 0.7% African American, 0.8% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.

There were 4,163 households, of which 27.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.3% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.2% were non-families. 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.81.

The median age in the city was 41.1 years. 20.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.2% were from 25 to 44; 27.6% were from 45 to 64; and 17.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.1% male and 52.9% female.

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See also

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