Brocton, New York facts for kids

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Brocton, New York
Village
Motto: "Home of the green arches and historic grape country"
Country United States
State New York
County Chautauqua
Town Portland
Area
 • Total 1.7 sq mi (4.4 km2)
 • Land 1.7 sq mi (4.4 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 735 ft (224 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,486
 • Density 869/sq mi (335.6/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 14716
Area code(s) 716
FIPS code 36-08488
GNIS feature ID 0944808
Website www.brocton.org

Brocton is a village in Chautauqua County, New York, United States. The name was derived by combining the names "Brockway" and "Minton", two prominent local families. The population was 1,486 at the 2010 census. Brocton is within the town of Portland.

The Lakeview Shock Incarceration Correctional Facility, a state prison, is located just north of the village limits.

History

The community was first settled in 1805 by Captain James Dunn. The village of Brocton was incorporated in 1894. Brocton used to be named "Salems Corners (Cross Roads)" after Salem, Massachusetts, but was later renamed "Brocton".

In 1913, to commemorate the town of Portland's Centennial, a green double-arch was erected over the town's main intersection. It is believed to be the only double-arch east of the Mississippi River. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1996.

The St. Stephen's Hotel has been a fixture at the center of Brocton since the mid-1800s. It was bought and sold several times before becoming the River Bottom Inn and eventually succumbing to the hard economic times of the area. Recently (2012) local resident Al Seavy has bought it and has begun to return the St. Stephen's Hotel to its former glory.

Geography

Brocton is located in the northeastern part of the town of Portland, in northern Chautauqua County. According to the United States Census Bureau, Brocton has a total area of 1.71 square miles (4.43 km2), all of it land.

US 20 passes through the village. The New York State Thruway (Interstate 90) passes just north of the village limits, but the closest access is 8 miles (13 km) to the east near Fredonia. Lake Avenue (former NY Route 380) intersects US 20 in the center of the village and leads north 2 miles (3 km) to Lake Erie State Park.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 329
1880 288 −12.5%
1890 812 181.9%
1900 900 10.8%
1910 1,181 31.2%
1920 1,383 17.1%
1930 1,301 −5.9%
1940 1,293 −0.6%
1950 1,380 6.7%
1960 1,416 2.6%
1970 1,370 −3.2%
1980 1,416 3.4%
1990 1,387 −2.0%
2000 1,547 11.5%
2010 1,486 −3.9%
Est. 2015 1,429 −3.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,547 people, 623 households, and 414 families residing in the village. The population density was 893.1 people per square mile (345.3/km²). There were 670 housing units at an average density of 386.8 per square mile (149.5/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 96.38% White, 0.65% African American, 1.29% Native American, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.65% from other races, and 0.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.94% of the population.

There were 623 households out of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.6% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.5% were non-families. 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the village, the population was spread out with 26.6% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 88.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.9 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $27,500, and the median income for a family was $36,328. Males had a median income of $27,059 versus $22,214 for females. The per capita income for the village was $13,901. About 11.4% of families and 13.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.5% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.


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