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Brunswick River (New South Wales) facts for kids

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Brunswick River
Littoral rainforest Brunswick Heads July 17 2000.jpg
Littoral rainforest & oyster farm at Brunswick Heads, Australia. The rainforest features a large Ficus macrophylla in the left centre
Native name Durangbil
Other name(s) Middle Arm of Brunswick River
Main Arm of Brunswick River
Country Australia
State New South Wales
IBRA NSW North Coast
District Northern Rivers
LGA Byron
Physical characteristics
Main source Mount Jerusalem
Palmwoods, near Uki
141 m (463 ft)
River mouth Coral Sea, South Pacific Ocean
Brunswick Heads
0 m (0 ft)
Length 34 km (21 mi)
Basin features
Basin size 226.3 km2 (87.4 sq mi)
Tributaries
  • Right:
    Mullumbimby Creek, Kings Creek (New South Wales), Simpsons Creek
National park Mount Jerusalem NP

Brunswick River (/ˈbrʌnzwɪk/) is an open mature wave dominated barrier estuary, located in the Northern Rivers region of New South Wales, Australia.

Course and features

Brunswick River rises on the eastern slopes of Mount Jerusalem, at Palmwoods, near Uki, and flows generally east southeast, before reaching its mouth at the Coral Sea of the South Pacific Ocean, at Brunswick Heads. The river descends 142 metres (466 ft) over its 34 kilometres (21 mi) course; through the towns of Mullumbimby and Brunswick Heads.

Brunswick River is impounded by a lake at Tyagarah, where the local tea trees give the lake water a brown tint. This lake becomes a popular swimming hole in the summer months and is used by naturists who come down from Tyagrah Beach. The naturist area is only about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) north of Byron Bay.

The north arm of the river, called Marshalls Creek, flows through Ocean Shores, Billinudgel, Ocean Shores North and The Pocket. Marshalls Creek also connects to a canal in Ocean Shores North and South Golden Beach. The south arm of the river, called Simpsons Creek, flows through Brunswick Heads, Bayside and Tyagarah.

Between Brunswick Heads and Ocean Shores, the Pacific Highway crosses the river.

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