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Buffalo, Kansas
Location within Wilson County and Kansas
Location within Wilson County and Kansas
KDOT map of Wilson County (legend)
Country United States
State Kansas
County Wilson
Founded 1867
Incorporated 1898
Named for American bison
Area
 • Total 0.32 sq mi (0.82 km2)
 • Land 0.32 sq mi (0.82 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
935 ft (285 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 232
 • Estimate 
(2019)
209
 • Density 657.23/sq mi (254.01/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
66717
Area code 620
FIPS code 20-09150
GNIS ID 474927

Buffalo is a city in Wilson County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 232.

History

Buffalo was founded in 1867. It took its name from Buffalo Creek, which was named after the American bison, commonly known as the buffalo.

The first store in Buffalo opened in 1869 and the first hotel in 1870. Buffalo experienced growth in 1886 when the Missouri Pacific Railroad was built through it. Buffalo was incorporated as a city in 1898.

Geography

Buffalo is located at 37°42′34″N 95°41′49″W / 37.70944°N 95.69694°W / 37.70944; -95.69694 (37.709569, -95.696967). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.33 square miles (0.85 km2), all of it land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 299
1910 807 169.9%
1920 739 −8.4%
1930 799 8.1%
1940 555 −30.5%
1950 437 −21.3%
1960 422 −3.4%
1970 321 −23.9%
1980 386 20.2%
1990 293 −24.1%
2000 284 −3.1%
2010 232 −18.3%
2019 (est.) 209 −9.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 232 people, 95 households, and 70 families residing in the city. The population density was 703.0 inhabitants per square mile (271.4/km2). There were 123 housing units at an average density of 372.7 per square mile (143.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.8% White, 0.9% Native American, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.9% of the population.

There were 95 households, of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.8% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 26.3% were non-families. 23.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.79.

The median age in the city was 40 years. 26.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.1% were from 25 to 44; 28.4% were from 45 to 64; and 14.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.4% male and 49.6% female.

Education

The community is served by Altoona-Midway USD 387 public school district. The Altoona-Midway High School mascot is Jets.

Buffalo High School closed in 1958 through school unification. The Buffalo High School mascot was Pirates.

Notable people

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