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Wilson County, Kansas facts for kids

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Coordinates: 37°34′N 95°44′W / 37.567°N 95.733°W / 37.567; -95.733

Wilson County, Kansas
Map
Map of Kansas highlighting Wilson County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the USA highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1855
Seat Fredonia
Largest City Neodesha
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

575 sq mi (1,489 km²)
570 sq mi (1,476 km²)
4.7 sq mi (12 km²), 0.8%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

9,409
16/sq mi (6/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Named for: Hiero T. Wilson

Wilson County (standard abbreviation: WL) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 9,409. Its county seat is Fredonia.

History

Early history

See also: History of Kansas

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1855, Wilson County was established.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 575 square miles (1,490 km2), of which 570 square miles (1,500 km2) is land and 4.7 square miles (12 km2) (0.8%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 27
1870 6,694 24,692.6%
1880 13,775 105.8%
1890 15,286 11.0%
1900 15,621 2.2%
1910 19,810 26.8%
1920 21,157 6.8%
1930 18,646 −11.9%
1940 17,723 −5.0%
1950 14,815 −16.4%
1960 13,077 −11.7%
1970 11,317 −13.5%
1980 12,128 7.2%
1990 10,289 −15.2%
2000 10,332 0.4%
2010 9,409 −8.9%
Est. 2015 8,856 −5.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013
USA Wilson County, Kansas age pyramid
Age pyramid

As of the census of 2000, there were 10,332 people, 4,203 households, and 2,849 families residing in the county. The population density was 18 people per square mile (7/km²). There were 4,937 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.78% White, 0.37% Black or African American, 0.88% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.48% from other races, and 1.19% from two or more races. 1.67% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,203 households out of which 29.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.10% were married couples living together, 7.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.20% were non-families. 29.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 23.80% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 19.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 94.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,747, and the median income for a family was $36,990. Males had a median income of $27,255 versus $18,670 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,910. About 7.50% of families and 11.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.40% of those under age 18 and 11.80% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of Wilson Co, Ks, USA
2005 KDOT Map of Wilson County from KDOT (map legend)

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns

  • Buffville
  • Rest

Townships

Wilson County is divided into fifteen townships. The cities of Fredonia and Neodesha are considered governmentally independent and are excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteer from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Cedar 11375 701 8 (19) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.11% 37°31′21″N 95°40′14″W / 37.5225°N 95.67056°W / 37.5225; -95.67056 (Cedar Twp.)
Center 12225 618 6 (16) 103 (40) 0 (0) 0.14% 37°31′5″N 95°49′11″W / 37.51806°N 95.81972°W / 37.51806; -95.81972 (Center Twp.)
Chetopa 13000 188 2 (5) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.11% 37°30′28″N 95°34′14″W / 37.50778°N 95.57056°W / 37.50778; -95.57056 (Chetopa Twp.)
Clifton 14250 414 4 (12) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.53% 37°41′56″N 95°42′23″W / 37.69889°N 95.70639°W / 37.69889; -95.70639 (Clifton Twp.)
Colfax 14825 452 4 (10) 123 (47) 0 (0) 0.17% 37°40′55″N 95°36′20″W / 37.68194°N 95.60556°W / 37.68194; -95.60556 (Colfax Twp.)
Duck Creek 18800 103 1 (3) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.23% 37°26′14″N 95°54′58″W / 37.43722°N 95.91611°W / 37.43722; -95.91611 (Duck Creek Twp.)
Fall River 22825 398 3 (8) 131 (51) 0 (0) 0.16% 37°32′21″N 95°55′33″W / 37.53917°N 95.92583°W / 37.53917; -95.92583 (Fall River Twp.)
Guilford 29200 205 2 (6) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.06% 37°36′32″N 95°43′22″W / 37.60889°N 95.72278°W / 37.60889; -95.72278 (Guilford Twp.)
Neodesha 49675 583 6 (17) 90 (35) 0 (0) 0.52% 37°25′29″N 95°40′52″W / 37.42472°N 95.68111°W / 37.42472; -95.68111 (Neodesha Twp.)
Newark 50200 226 2 (6) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.18% 37°25′30″N 95°34′56″W / 37.425°N 95.58222°W / 37.425; -95.58222 (Newark Twp.)
Pleasant Valley 56650 201 2 (4) 123 (47) 0 (0) 0.09% 37°36′25″N 95°36′21″W / 37.60694°N 95.60583°W / 37.60694; -95.60583 (Pleasant Valley Twp.)
Prairie 57425 118 2 (4) 78 (30) 0 (0) 0.28% 37°36′17″N 95°49′26″W / 37.60472°N 95.82389°W / 37.60472; -95.82389 (Prairie Twp.)
Talleyrand 69900 232 3 (7) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.06% 37°25′19″N 95°48′25″W / 37.42194°N 95.80694°W / 37.42194; -95.80694 (Talleyrand Twp.)
Verdigris 73500 394 4 (10) 103 (40) 0 (0) 0.27% 37°39′29″N 95°53′51″W / 37.65806°N 95.8975°W / 37.65806; -95.8975 (Verdigris Twp.)
Webster 76300 51 1 (2) 77 (30) 0 (0) 0.15% 37°42′0″N 95°50′1″W / 37.7°N 95.83361°W / 37.7; -95.83361 (Webster Twp.)
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