Neosho County, Kansas facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

Coordinates: 37°34′N 95°17′W / 37.567°N 95.283°W / 37.567; -95.283

Neosho County, Kansas
Map
Map of Kansas highlighting Neosho County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the USA highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded June 3, 1861
Seat Erie
Largest City Chanute
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

578 sq mi (1,497 km²)
571 sq mi (1,479 km²)
6.3 sq mi (16 km²), 1.1%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

16,512
29/sq mi (11/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Named for: Neosho River

Neosho County (standard abbreviation: NO) is a county located in the south east of the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 16,512. The county seat is Erie.

History

Early history

See also: History of Kansas

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1861, Neosho County was established.

The first railroad was built through Neosho County in 1870.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 578 square miles (1,500 km2), of which 571 square miles (1,480 km2) is land and 6.3 square miles (16 km2) (1.1%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 88
1870 10,206 11,497.7%
1880 15,121 48.2%
1890 18,561 22.7%
1900 19,254 3.7%
1910 23,754 23.4%
1920 24,000 1.0%
1930 22,665 −5.6%
1940 22,210 −2.0%
1950 20,348 −8.4%
1960 19,455 −4.4%
1970 18,812 −3.3%
1980 18,967 0.8%
1990 17,035 −10.2%
2000 16,997 −0.2%
2010 16,512 −2.9%
Est. 2015 16,346 −1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013
USA Neosho County, Kansas age pyramid
Age pyramid

As of the census of 2000, there were 16,997 people, 6,739 households, and 4,683 families residing in the county. The population density was 30 people per square mile (11/km²). There were 7,461 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.90% White, 0.87% Black or African American, 0.98% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.05% from other races, and 1.86% from two or more races. 2.91% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,739 households out of which 31.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.40% were married couples living together, 8.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.50% were non-families. 27.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.70% under the age of 18, 8.90% from 18 to 24, 25.40% from 25 to 44, 22.50% from 45 to 64, and 17.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,167, and the median income for a family was $38,532. Males had a median income of $26,906 versus $19,387 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,539. About 10.00% of families and 13.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.60% of those under age 18 and 10.60% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of Neosho Co, Ks, USA
2005 KDOT Map of Neosho County (map legend)

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Neosho County is divided into twelve townships. The city of Chanute is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteer from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Big Creek 06675 456 4 (10) 124 (48) 1 (0) 0.47% 37°41′N 95°18′W / 37.683°N 95.3°W / 37.683; -95.3
Canville 10525 571 5 (12) 124 (48) 0 (0) 0.34% 37°36′N 95°27′W / 37.6°N 95.45°W / 37.6; -95.45
Centerville 12375 564 5 (12) 123 (48) 1 (0) 0.93% 37°31′N 95°18′W / 37.517°N 95.3°W / 37.517; -95.3
Chetopa 12975 894 7 (19) 124 (48) 0 (0) 0.40% 37°31′N 95°28′W / 37.517°N 95.467°W / 37.517; -95.467
Erie 21525 1,524 12 (32) 123 (47) 1 (1) 1.17% 37°35′N 95°16′W / 37.583°N 95.267°W / 37.583; -95.267
Grant 27800 384 3 (8) 125 (48) 0 (0) 0.19% 37°41′N 95°10′W / 37.683°N 95.167°W / 37.683; -95.167
Ladore 37600 401 3 (9) 121 (47) 3 (1) 2.69% 37°26′N 95°18′W / 37.433°N 95.3°W / 37.433; -95.3
Lincoln 40875 345 3 (7) 123 (47) 2 (1) 1.29% 37°26′N 95°9′W / 37.433°N 95.15°W / 37.433; -95.15
Mission 47250 927 8 (20) 119 (46) 5 (2) 3.97% 37°31′N 95°10′W / 37.517°N 95.167°W / 37.517; -95.167
Shiloh 65300 297 2 (6) 125 (48) 0 (0) 0.25% 37°26′N 95°28′W / 37.433°N 95.467°W / 37.433; -95.467
Tioga 70650 885 8 (21) 109 (42) 1 (1) 1.21% 37°42′N 95°27′W / 37.7°N 95.45°W / 37.7; -95.45
Walnut Grove 75175 338 3 (7) 125 (48) 0 (0) 0.11% 37°36′N 95°10′W / 37.6°N 95.167°W / 37.6; -95.167

Neosho County, Kansas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.