Cherokee County, Kansas facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

Coordinates: 37°10′N 94°51′W / 37.167°N 94.85°W / 37.167; -94.85

Cherokee County, Kansas
Map
Map of Kansas highlighting Cherokee County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the USA highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded February 18, 1860
Seat Columbus
Largest City Baxter Springs
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

591 sq mi (1,531 km²)
588 sq mi (1,523 km²)
3.5 sq mi (9 km²), 0.6%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

21,603
37/sq mi (14/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Named for: Cherokee Native Americans

Cherokee County (county code CK) is a county located in Southeast Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 21,603. Its county seat is Columbus, and its most populous city is Baxter Springs.

History

Early history

See also: History of Kansas

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1860, Cherokee County was established.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 591 square miles (1,530 km2), of which 588 square miles (1,520 km2) is land and 3.5 square miles (9.1 km2) (0.6%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Sources: National Atlas, U.S. Census Bureau

  • U.S. Route 66 (decommissioned)
  • U.S. Route 69
  • U.S. Route 160
  • U.S. Route 166
  • Kansas Highway 7
  • Kansas Highway 26
  • Kansas Highway 57
  • Kansas Highway 66 (successor to the decommissioned US 66)
  • Kansas Highway 96
  • Kansas Highway 102

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,501
1870 11,038 635.4%
1880 21,905 98.5%
1890 27,770 26.8%
1900 42,694 53.7%
1910 38,162 −10.6%
1920 33,609 −11.9%
1930 31,457 −6.4%
1940 29,817 −5.2%
1950 25,144 −15.7%
1960 22,279 −11.4%
1970 21,549 −3.3%
1980 22,304 3.5%
1990 21,374 −4.2%
2000 22,605 5.8%
2010 21,603 −4.4%
Est. 2015 20,533 −5.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the U.S. Census in 2000, there were 22,605 people, 8,875 households, and 6,239 families residing in the county. The population density was 38 people per square mile (15/km²). There were 10,031 housing units at an average density of 17 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.27% White, 0.61% Black or African American, 3.45% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.50% from other races, and 2.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.29% of the population.

There were 8,875 households out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.60% were married couples living together, 9.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.70% were non-families. 26.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.50% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 23.10% from 45 to 64, and 15.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 94.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,505, and the median income for a family was $37,284. Males had a median income of $29,045 versus $19,675 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,710. About 11.40% of families and 14.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.40% of those under age 18 and 10.60% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of Cherokee Co, Ks, USA
2005 KDOT Map of Cherokee County (map legend)

Cities

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Ghost town

  • Treece, officially disincorporated in 2012 by the state of Kansas

Townships

Cherokee County is divided into fourteen townships. The cities of Baxter Springs, Columbus, Galena, Scammon, and Weir are considered governmentally independent and are excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Cherokee 12800 336 6 (15) 57 (22) 0 (0) 0.08% 37°18′33″N 94°45′36″W / 37.30917°N 94.76°W / 37.30917; -94.76
Crawford 16225 646 7 (18) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.24% 37°9′21″N 94°47′11″W / 37.15583°N 94.78639°W / 37.15583; -94.78639
Garden 25250 3,039 41 (105) 75 (29) 2 (1) 2.80% 37°2′55″N 94°41′18″W / 37.04861°N 94.68833°W / 37.04861; -94.68833
Lola 42350 382 3 (9) 115 (44) 1 (0) 0.50% 37°10′25″N 95°0′15″W / 37.17361°N 95.00417°W / 37.17361; -95.00417
Lowell 43075 672 20 (52) 33 (13) 1 (0) 3.04% 37°6′11″N 94°40′23″W / 37.10306°N 94.67306°W / 37.10306; -94.67306
Lyon 43400 528 4 (11) 130 (50) 0 (0) 0.08% 37°2′19″N 94°52′37″W / 37.03861°N 94.87694°W / 37.03861; -94.87694
Mineral 47000 254 3 (8) 79 (31) 0 (0) 0.15% 37°15′32″N 94°47′29″W / 37.25889°N 94.79139°W / 37.25889; -94.79139
Neosho 49725 306 2 (5) 157 (61) 2 (1) 1.08% 37°3′15″N 95°1′37″W / 37.05417°N 95.02694°W / 37.05417; -95.02694
Pleasant View 56675 658 5 (13) 136 (52) 0 (0) 0.14% 37°17′4″N 94°40′1″W / 37.28444°N 94.66694°W / 37.28444; -94.66694
Ross 61350 893 6 (17) 140 (54) 1 (0) 0.71% 37°16′29″N 94°53′55″W / 37.27472°N 94.89861°W / 37.27472; -94.89861
Salamanca 62575 569 6 (17) 89 (34) 0 (0) 0.07% 37°10′3″N 94°52′37″W / 37.1675°N 94.87694°W / 37.1675; -94.87694
Shawnee 64475 505 6 (15) 90 (35) 1 (0) 0.61% 37°9′30″N 94°40′18″W / 37.15833°N 94.67167°W / 37.15833; -94.67167
Sheridan 64625 249 1 (4) 172 (67) 1 (1) 0.79% 37°15′41″N 95°0′15″W / 37.26139°N 95.00417°W / 37.26139; -95.00417
Spring Valley 67725 1,007 8 (21) 122 (47) 0 (0) 0.36% 37°3′11″N 94°46′5″W / 37.05306°N 94.76806°W / 37.05306; -94.76806
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/places2k.html.

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