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Buffalo City, Wisconsin facts for kids

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Buffalo City, Wisconsin
1914 city hall building
1914 city hall building
Location of Buffalo City in Buffalo County, Wisconsin.
Location of Buffalo City in Buffalo County, Wisconsin.
Country  United States
State  Wisconsin
County Buffalo
Chartered 1859
Area
 • Total 4.00 sq mi (10.35 km2)
 • Land 1.64 sq mi (4.26 km2)
 • Water 2.35 sq mi (6.09 km2)
Elevation
669 ft (204 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 1,023
 • Estimate 
(2019)
954
 • Density 580.29/sq mi (224.11/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
FIPS code 55-11062
GNIS feature ID 1562364
Website Buffalo City

Buffalo City is a city in Buffalo County in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. The population was 1,023 at the 2010 census.

History

The name may be derived from a buffalo animal husbandry operation in the past. The city was chartered in 1859. At that time it was the only city in Buffalo County and possibly the smallest city in the United States.

The town may have been named for three brothers who raised buffalo on a bluff overlooking the city.

Geography

Buffalo City is located at 44°13′59″N 91°51′44″W / 44.23306°N 91.86222°W / 44.23306; -91.86222 (44.233180, -91.862219).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.04 square miles (15.64 km2), of which, 2.11 square miles (5.46 km2) is land and 3.93 square miles (10.18 km2) is water.

It is located west of Cochrane, Wisconsin on the shore of Spring Lake, a backwater of the Mississippi River.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 184
1870 268 45.7%
1880 248 −7.5%
1890 223 −10.1%
1900 254 13.9%
1910 255 0.4%
1920 286 12.2%
1930 261 −8.7%
1940 293 12.3%
1950 319 8.9%
1960 484 51.7%
1970 671 38.6%
1980 894 33.2%
1990 915 2.3%
2000 1,040 13.7%
2010 1,023 −1.6%
2019 (est.) 954 −6.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,023 people, 464 households, and 312 families living in the city. The population density was 484.8 inhabitants per square mile (187.2/km2). There were 577 housing units at an average density of 273.5 per square mile (105.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.4% White, 0.1% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.3% Asian, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.4% of the population.

There were 464 households, of which 22.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.8% were married couples living together, 6.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.8% were non-families. 25.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.60.

The median age in the city was 49.3 years. 17.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.7% were from 25 to 44; 32.5% were from 45 to 64; and 22.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.8% male and 50.2% female.

Landmarks

Buffalo City is home to the original Buffalo County Jail, which was built in 1862 and is now part of the city's park between 10th and 12th streets. Another unusual feature of the city is a large Viking statue, located at the corner of River Road and W 17th Street.

Education

Buffalo City is part of the Cochrane-Fountain City School District.

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