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Cadiz, Ohio
Village
Harrison County Courthouse, built in 1894, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places
Harrison County Courthouse, built in 1894, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places
Location of Cadiz, Ohio
Location of Cadiz, Ohio
Location of Cadiz in Harrison County
Location of Cadiz in Harrison County
Country United States
State Ohio
County Harrison
Area
 • Total 8.95 sq mi (23.17 km2)
 • Land 8.78 sq mi (22.75 km2)
 • Water 0.16 sq mi (0.42 km2)
Elevation
1,263 ft (385 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 3,353
 • Estimate 
(2019)
3,161
 • Density 359.86/sq mi (138.94/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
43907
Area code(s) 740
FIPS code 39-10800
GNIS feature ID 1038598

Cadiz ( KAD-iss) is a village in Cadiz Township, Harrison County, Ohio, United States located about 20 miles from Steubenville. The population was 3,353 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Harrison County.

History

Cadiz was founded in 1803 at the junction of westward roads from Pittsburgh and Washington, Pennsylvania, and named after Cadiz, Spain. The town became the county seat of newly formed Harrison County in 1813. By 1840, Cadiz had 1,028 residents; by 1846, the town had four churches and 21 stores. The Steubenville and Indiana Railroad, a predecessor of the Pennsylvania Railroad, opened to Cadiz June 11, 1854.

In the early and mid nineteenth century, several local families operated 'stations' and served as 'conductors' in the Underground Railroad, helping runaway slaves escape to Canada.

By 1880 population had nearly doubled and the town had three newspapers and three banks.

Early industry was based on agriculture and processing farm products. In 1889, a brief oil boom began with the shipment of 120 barrels of oil produced in nearby Green Township. Coal mining, both underground and surface, became the prominent industry through most of the twentieth century. More recently the development of the Marcellus Shale in the surrounding area has made Cadiz a center for natural gas production. The MarkWest Complex, opened in 2012, processes more than 180 million cubic feet of natural gas per day (Mmcf/d) for shipment via pipeline to Mont Belvieu, Texas.,

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 8.94 square miles (23.15 km2), of which 8.78 square miles (22.74 km2) is land and 0.16 square miles (0.41 km2) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 537
1830 818 52.3%
1840 1,028 25.7%
1850 1,144 11.3%
1860 1,168 2.1%
1870 1,435 22.9%
1880 1,817 26.6%
1890 1,716 −5.6%
1900 1,755 2.3%
1910 1,971 12.3%
1920 2,084 5.7%
1930 2,597 24.6%
1940 2,808 8.1%
1950 3,020 7.5%
1960 3,259 7.9%
1970 3,060 −6.1%
1980 4,058 32.6%
1990 3,439 −15.3%
2000 3,308 −3.8%
2010 3,353 1.4%
2019 (est.) 3,161 −5.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the US Census of 2010, there were 3,353 people, 1,415 households, and 920 families living in the village. The population density was 376.7 people per square mile (145.2/km2). There were 1,590 housing units at an average density of 178.6 per square mile (68.8 km2). The racial makeup of the village was 87.4% White, 8.4% African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 3.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.8% of the population.

Of the 1,415 households, 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.8% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.0% were non-families. 30.7% of households were one person and 12.9% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.86. 39.1% of households were renters and 60.9% were home owners. Families made up 73.3% of all home owners and 52.1% of all renters.

The age distribution was 24.8% under the age of 20, 22.9% from 20 to 40, 27.2% from 40 to 60, 19.3% from 60 to 80, and 5.9% who were 80 years of age or older. The median age was 42.3 years. For every 100 females there were 89.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.8 males.

According to 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates by the US Census Bureau, The median household income was $31,092, and the median family income was $43,182. Males had a median income of $35,934 versus $26,726 for females. The per capita income for the village was $18,002. About 14.0% of families and 19.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.7% of those under age 18 and 15.0% of those age 65 or over.

Education

The village is served by Harrison Hills City School District, which operates two elementary schools and Harrison Central High School.

Cadiz has a public library, a branch of the Puskarich Public Library.

In the fall 2015, a levy was passed to build a new preK-12 school building. The 4.98 million dollar levy for the creation of a 190,000-square-foot school complex will be able to house 1,550 students. Ground broke on the new building in August 2017, and is predicated to open in the fall of 2019.

Notable people

  • Rupert R. Beetham, speaker of Ohio House of Representatives
  • John Bingham, Republican congressman
  • Henderson H. Carson, U.S. representative from Ohio
  • Thomas Valentine Cooper, Pennsylvania state senator and representative
  • Robert Crozier, senator from Kansas
  • George Armstrong Custer, U.S. Army officer and cavalry commander
  • Charles S. Dewey, U.S. representative from Illinois
  • Ernest G. Eagleson, two-term mayor of Boise, Idaho
  • Clark Gable, actor
  • David Hollingsworth, U.S. representative from Ohio
  • William Henry Holmes, scientist and artist
  • Daniel Kilgore, U.S. representative from Ohio
  • Humphrey H. Leavitt, U.S. representative from Ohio and U.S. district court judge
  • Francis J. Love, U.S. representative from West Virginia
  • John F. Oglevee, member of the Ohio House of Representatives and Ohio state auditor
  • Orlando Henderson Petty, Medal of Honor recipient
  • William R. Sapp, U.S. representative from Ohio
  • William E. Slemmons, clergyman and academic
  • Matthew Simpson, bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church
  • Edwin M. Stanton, Lincoln's secretary of war
  • David P. Thompson, businessman and politician
  • Thomas Tipton, U.S. senator
  • Ben Wilson, football coach
  • Oriska Worden, singer and vaudeville performer
  • Elizabeth Russel, missionary educator
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