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Caldwell, Texas facts for kids

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Caldwell, Texas
Downtown Caldwell
Downtown Caldwell
The Kolache Capital of Texas
The Big Grape
"Preparing for the Future with Respect for the Past"
Location of Caldwell in the state of Texas
Location of Caldwell in the state of Texas
Burleson County Caldwell.svg
Country United States
State Texas
County Burleson
 • Total 3.92 sq mi (10.16 km2)
 • Land 3.90 sq mi (10.10 km2)
 • Water 0.03 sq mi (0.07 km2)
384 ft (117 m)
 • Total 4,104
 • Estimate 
 • Density 1,121.86/sq mi (433.18/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 979
FIPS code 48-11836
GNIS feature ID 1353534

Caldwell is a designated Main Street City and the county seat of Burleson County, Texas, United States. The population was 4,104 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Bryan-College Station metropolitan area.

Caldwell is the home of the Czech Heritage Museum, which is open to the public on Saturdays from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. The annual Kolache Festival, a celebration of Czech heritage named for a type of pastry, is held in Caldwell the second weekend of September.


Caldwell is located northwest of the center of Burleson County at 30°31′43″N 96°42′1″W / 30.52861°N 96.70028°W / 30.52861; -96.70028 (30.528580, -96.700350). Texas State Highway 21 passes through the center of the city, leading northeast 23 miles (37 km) to Bryan and southwest 50 miles (80 km) to Bastrop. Texas State Highway 36 bypasses the center of the city to the northeast, leading northwest 16 miles (26 km) to Milano and southeast 32 miles (51 km) to Brenham.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Caldwell has a total area of 3.9 square miles (10.2 km2), of which 0.03 square miles (0.07 km2), or 0.66%, is water.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 301
1890 1,250 315.3%
1900 1,585 26.8%
1910 1,476 −6.9%
1920 1,689 14.4%
1930 1,724 2.1%
1940 2,165 25.6%
1950 2,109 −2.6%
1960 2,204 4.5%
1970 2,308 4.7%
1980 2,953 27.9%
1990 3,181 7.7%
2000 3,449 8.4%
2010 4,104 19.0%
2019 (est.) 4,373 6.6%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 3,449 people, 1,322 households, and 938 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,021.4 people per square mile (394.0/km2). There were 1,485 housing units at an average density of 439.8 per square mile (169.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 71.24% White, 12.64% African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 13.71% from other races, and 2.15% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 22.96% of the population.

There were 1,322 households, out of which 36.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.0% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 28.8% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,936, and the median income for a family was $37,658. Males had a median income of $25,745 versus $20,306 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,141. About 14.2% of families and 17.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.0% of those under age 18 and 12.2% of those age 65 or over.


The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Caldwell has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.


Caldwell is served by the Caldwell Independent School District.

Notable people

  • Richard Saffarrans Bowers, member of the Texas State Senate from 1923 to 1929, resided in Caldwell
  • Kent Caperton, state senator from 1981 to 1991; a Caldwell native residing in Bryan, Texas
  • Mel Deutsch, former Major League Baseball player
  • Alfred Jackson, former NFL Football player
  • Charlie Krueger, former NFL Football player
  • Leighton Schubert, member of the Texas House of Representatives for District 13 since 2015; lawyer in Caldwell
  • Nancy Bryan Stewart, first woman elected to Caldwell City Council as well local business woman serving as owner/operator of Mimosa Mercantile

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