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Burleson County, Texas facts for kids

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Burleson County
The Burleson County Courthouse in Caldwell
The Burleson County Courthouse in Caldwell
Map of Texas highlighting Burleson County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Texas
Founded 1846
Named for Edward Burleson
Seat Caldwell
Largest city Caldwell
 • Total 677 sq mi (1,750 km2)
 • Land 659 sq mi (1,710 km2)
 • Water 18 sq mi (50 km2)  26%%
 • Total 17,187
 • Density 26/sq mi (10/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 17th
Prosperity Bank in Caldwell, TX IMG 0534
Prosperity Bank is located across the street from the Burleson County Courthouse in Caldwell.
Burleson County Tribune IMG 3281
Office of Burleson County Tribune (founded 1884) in Caldwell

Burleson County ( BUR-li-sən) is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,187. Its county seat is Caldwell. The county is named for Edward Burleson, a general and statesman of the Texas Revolution.

Burleson County is part of the College Station-Bryan, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area.

From 1975 to 1995, the Burleson county judge, who presides over the commissioner's court, were the son and father team of Mark Steglich Caperton (born 1946), a Caldwell attorney, and Woods Allen Caperton (1920-2009). Mark Caperton was the judge from 1975 to 1983 and was succeeded by his father, a former agent of the United States Soil Conservation Service. Woods Caperton also served seventeen years as a member of the Caldwell Independent School District and was a member too of the Burleson County Hospital District. During his time on each board, a new high school and hospital were begun. Woods Caperton was also chairman of the Brazos Valley Development Council and the Brazos Valley Mental Health Mental Retardation Center. He founded the Caldwell Cub Scouts and was instrumental in the development of the Caldwell Little League. Another son, Kent Caperton, served from 1981 to 1991 as the District 5 state senator. Kent Caperton, formerly of Bryan, is a lobbyist and lawyer in Austin.

The current state representative for Burleson County is the Caldwell attorney Leighton Schubert, a Republican.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 677 square miles (1,750 km2), of which 659 square miles (1,710 km2) is land and 18 square miles (47 km2) (2.6%) is water.

Major highways

  • Texas 21.svg State Highway 21
  • Texas 36.svg State Highway 36

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,713
1860 5,683 231.8%
1870 8,072 42.0%
1880 9,243 14.5%
1890 13,001 40.7%
1900 18,367 41.3%
1910 18,687 1.7%
1920 16,855 −9.8%
1930 19,848 17.8%
1940 18,334 −7.6%
1950 13,000 −29.1%
1960 11,177 −14.0%
1970 9,999 −10.5%
1980 12,313 23.1%
1990 13,625 10.7%
2000 16,470 20.9%
2010 17,187 4.4%
Est. 2015 17,460 1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010–2014

As of the census of 2000, there were 16,470 people, 6,363 households, and 4,574 families residing in the county. The population density was 25 people per square mile (10/km²). There were 8,197 housing units at an average density of 12 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 74.07% White, 15.06% Black or African American, 0.50% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 8.25% from other races, and 1.92% from two or more races. 14.64% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.8% were of German, 11.3% American, 10.7% Czech and 6.2% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 6,363 households out of which 31.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.40% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.10% were non-families. 24.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.90% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 25.80% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, and 16.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,026, and the median income for a family was $39,385. Males had a median income of $28,795 versus $20,146 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,616. About 13.20% of families and 17.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.90% of those under age 18 and 14.30% of those age 65 or over.



Unincorporated communities

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