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Brazos County, Texas facts for kids

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Brazos County
The Brazos County Courthouse in Bryan
The Brazos County Courthouse in Bryan
Official seal of Brazos County
Map of Texas highlighting Brazos County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Texas
Founded 1843
Named for Brazos River
Seat Bryan
Largest city College Station
 • Total 591 sq mi (1,530 km2)
 • Land 585 sq mi (1,520 km2)
 • Water 5.8 sq mi (15 km2)  1.0%%
 • Estimate 
 • Density 333/sq mi (129/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 17th

Brazos County ( BRAZZ-əs) is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 194,851. The county seat is Bryan. Along with Brazoria County, the county is named for the Brazos River, which forms its western border. The county was formed in 1841 and organized in 1843.

Brazos County is part of the College Station-Bryan, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area.


In 1837 most of the area of present-day Brazos County was included in Washington County. The Brazos River, which bisected the latter, proved a serious obstacle to county government, and a new county, Navasota, was formed in January 1841. The first court, with Judge R. E. B. Baylor presiding, was held later that year in the home of Joseph Ferguson, fourteen miles west of the site of present Bryan. The county seat, named Boonville for Mordecai Boon, was located on John Austin's league and was surveyed by Hiram Hanover in 1841. In January of the following year Navasota County was renamed Brazos County.

Originally one of the state's poorer counties, the county donated 2,416 acres of land in the 1870s to create Texas A&M University, which has enabled the county to be among the state's most financially successful.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 591 square miles (1,530 km2), of which 585 square miles (1,520 km2) is land and 5.8 square miles (15 km2) (1.0%) is water.

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 614
1860 3,096 404.2%
1870 9,205 197.3%
1880 13,576 47.5%
1890 16,650 22.6%
1900 18,859 13.3%
1910 18,919 0.3%
1920 21,975 16.2%
1930 21,835 −0.6%
1940 26,997 23.6%
1950 38,390 42.2%
1960 44,895 16.9%
1970 57,978 29.1%
1980 94,492 63.0%
1990 121,862 29.0%
2000 152,415 25.1%
2010 194,851 27.8%
Est. 2015 215,037 10.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010–2014

As of the census of 2000, there were 152,415 people, 55,202 households, and 30,416 families residing in the county. The population density was 260 people per square mile (100/km²). There were 59,023 housing units at an average density of 101 per square mile (39/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 74.45% White, 19.72% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 4.01% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 8.42% from other races, and 1.97% from two or more races. 17.88% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 15.3% were of German, 8.4% English, 7.3% Irish and 7.2% American ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 55,202 households out of which 27.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.30% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.90% were non-families. 25.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the county, the population was spread out with 21.50% under the age of 18, 32.00% from 18 to 24, 26.00% from 25 to 44, 13.80% from 45 to 64, and 6.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females there were 102.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,104, and the median income for a family was $46,530. Males had a median income of $32,864 versus $24,179 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,212. About 14.00% of families and 26.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.60% of those under age 18 and 10.30% of those age 65 or over.


Public Transportation

The Brazos Transit District operates a fixed route bus service and paratransit throughout Bryan and College Station.

Major highways

  • US 190.svg U.S. Highway 190
  • Texas 6.svg State Highway 6
  • Texas 21.svg State Highway 21


Easterwood Airport, owned by Texas A&M, is the local commercial airport, with flights to Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport and George Bush Intercontinental Airport in Houston.




Census-designated place

Unincorporated community

Ghost Town

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